ANDALUSIA CAVES.- A NEW SECTOR OF TOURISM DEVELOPMENT
Law to Promote the Sustainability of the Territory of Andalusia (LISTA), of December 1, 2021, establishes a new and revolutionary system by which the cave houses of Andalusia will be recognized as «house», and they will be allowed to have all the privileges and benefits as a normal dwleiing. Therefore, its residential use will be allowed, and, what is more important, its use and tourist rental destination.
Allowing the use of Andalusian caves as tourist rentals is a great step towards consolidating the use of a historical and special type of life, protecting these unique constructions that characterize Andalusian culture and rural tradition. In addition to helping to preserve the cultural heritage, the possibility of developing tourist rental activities in these caves will promote the commercial and economic development of the area, helping to consolidate a business model based on respect for history, culture, and ecology.
What are «Casas Cueva»?
It is an excavation under the ground, taking advantage of the unevenness of the hills or mountains, and that presents an infrastructure that allows its use as homes. They can be found individually or collectively, even forming small villages.
Some of them come from the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, which were ancient Moorish settlements in the area.
They are very common in the areas of Granada, Guadix, Benalúa, Baza, Cuevas de Almanzora, Cádiz, etc.
Ecological and sustainable homes
These are ecological constructions, and totally sustainable, and respectful of the environment. Precisely, the rise in energy costs, as well as the search for and defense of architectural solutions that allow and improve the efficient use of energy, make traditional Andalusian cave houses a model and example of sustainable architecture in the 21st century.
The interior of these caves allows a constant annual temperature of between 17 and 23 degrees Celsius, in addition to a very high degree of acoustic insulation and soundproofing.
The Law to Promote the Sustainability of the Territory of Andalusia (LISTA) will establish the bases for these caves to improve their habitability, as well as safety and health, resulting in safe and comfortable homes that allow them to live in them in a healthy way. and respectful with the environment. In addition, the sustainable use of the same as a tourist product based on its historical, cultural and ecological character will be guaranteed.
The Law will allow these Cave Houses to be registered and recognized at the Spanish system as dwellings, both for legal and fiscal purposes.
The law does not exactly establish the registration and legalization mechanism, but it is expected to be carried out in a similar way to the DAFO (Declaration of Assimilated to Out of Normative). That is to say, that a small project be presented with plans and technical documentation that allows the notary, the cadastre, and the property registry to identify exactly the size, type, services, and boundaries of the cave house to allow access to the land registry. the property, and the IBI, and thus allow its legal consolidation.
Therefore, it is expected that rehabilitation and conservation works can be carried out in these caves to improve their safety and habitability conditions or improve the urban and natural environment in which they are located.
In the same way, the law establishes that the City Councils may approve urban works in the surroundings and in the areas where these caves are located, such as works to reinforce the outer layers of the land to ensure its stability, which provide better security and habitability to these homes.