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Evolution of the Tourist Rent activity in Spain 2023

EVOLUTION OF THE TOURIST RENT APARTMENTS IN SPAIN (Viviendas o Apartamentos Turísticos)

SPAIN 2023

  • 340.000 Tourist Apartments
  • 9 % increase in respect of 2022
  • 1 of each 100 tourist has chosen to come to use a Tourist Apartment
  • 1 of each 139 habitants
  • 1 Tourist Apartment for each 1,5 km2

In Spain, the last year has meant a growth of more than 9% in the number of tourist homes available, exceeding 340,000 and reaching the highest figure since the availability of data (August 2020). These account for just 1.28% of the housing stock. On average, and always based on the latest data published referring to last August, tourist homes (VUTs) have capacity for five people.

These data can be summarised in the fact that in Spain there is approximately one tourist dwelling for every kilometre and a half square and for every 139 inhabitants. Likewise, using as a reference the data from the experimental statistics of tourism measurement from the INE’s mobile phones, the ratio of VTs with the number of tourists received would be one for every approximately 100 tourists arriving in August (the month to which the latest data on tourist housing published by the INE belong).

ASTURIAS NUMBER ONE IN INCREASE:

Asturias is the region where increased the most in the last year.

Canary & Balearic Islands,  and Catalonia, where more municipalities are concentrated with the highest proportion of VT’s  over the total number of homes.

Madrid doubles the number of VT’s of any other city and Barcelona is the city with the lowest proportion of VT’s  per tourist received among the destinations with the highest supply of tourist accommodation.

How has the number of tourist homes evolved in the last year?

These data can be summarised in the fact that in Spain there is approximately one tourist dwelling for every kilometre and a half square and for every 139 inhabitants. Likewise, using as a reference the data from the experimental statistics of tourism measurement from the INE’s mobile phones, the ratio of STVs with the number of tourists received would be one for every approximately 100 tourists arrived in August (the month to which the latest data on tourist housing published by the INE belong)

If the autonomous communities are taken into account, it is detected that the Principality of Asturias was the region with the highest growth in the number of VT’s (above 14%). The Region of Murcia, Galicia, the Valencian Community, Andalusia and Castilla – La Mancha also did so above 10%. The sole community where STVs decreased was the Balearic Islands (about 2%). In terms of the total number of STVs, the Canary Islands, Catalonia, the Valencian Community and, especially, Andalusia stand out.

In relation to the evolution of the number of VT’s  in the provinces, in almost half of them there has been an increase of more than 10%. Among these, there is the whole of the Valencian Community, seven of the eight Andalusian provinces and three of the four Galician provinces.

In addition, one in five provinces has increased its number of tourist homes by more than 15% and Cordoba, Bizkaia, Albacete and Almeria have done so by more than 20%.

For their part, there are five provinces where the data for August 2023 is lower than that of the previous year. Among them, two from the Basque Country appear.

Which are the Spanish cities with the highest number of Tourist Apartments?

Madrid is the city with the most VT’s available (over 14,000) and in fact practically doubles the figure of the second destination with the highest supply. Barcelona (which according to data published by the INE has decreased its tourist homes by more than 55% since August 2020). Despite this, the concentration of homes for tourism per square kilometre is much higher in Barcelona than in Madrid (75 compared to 23) and in both cities a very similar number of homes are allocated to tourist use per 1,000 inhabitants (around 4.5).

The wide availability of VT’s  in Madrid exceeds that of entire autonomous communities such as Castilla y León, the Region of Murcia and the Principality of Asturias or even the sum of any of them. At the provincial level, only Malaga, Alicante, the Balearic Islands, Las Palmas, Girona and Santa Cruz de Tenerife have a greater offer than that of the Spanish capital.

In total, there are 17 municipalities that exceeded 3,000 VUTs in the INE’s August data and their vast majority is distributed between the Valencian Community, Andalusia and the Canary Islands.

The following graph shows the number of homes for tourist use in the ten national destinations with the greatest supply. It also incorporates the number of tourist homes that it represents for every 100 tourists, taking into account the August data from the INE experimental statistics on the measurement of tourism from mobile phones.

Sun and beach destinations stand out as those with the highest offer per tourist received, and the city of Barcelona stands out with the lowest value. The particular case of Seville appears, a destination that usually receives less tourism in August than at other times of the year. That could cause a spike in the figure calculated in relation to the tourists received. In fact, if the calculation is made with the data from February, the supply of VT per 100 tourists falls by 0.8. Madrid could be a case of similar characteristics, but the result for February, although smaller, is quite approximate.

Which are the municipalities with the highest proportion of homes for tourist use?

Eminently touristic municipalities and especially small sun and beach destinations are the ones that have a greater proportion of their real estate stock destined for tourist use. In Spain, it is detected that homes for tourist use exceed 10% in almost 50 destinations. In this case, the autonomous communities with the highest concentration of these municipalities are the Canary Islands, the Balearic Islands and Catalonia and, to a somewhat lesser extent, the Valencian Community and Andalusia.

Among the destinations highlighted on the map, only Adeje (Tenerife), La Oliva (Fuerteventura), Calp and Jávea (Alicante) and Pollença (Mallorca) have around 3,000 VT available. Two small Mallorcan destinations stand out with barely more than 1,000 inhabitants (Búger and Ariany). In them, there is practically one dwelling for tourist use for every couple of citizens. Also, only one destination from an inland region appears. It is Alquézar (in Huesca), where its 40 homes for tourist use account for practically one for every ten citizens.

Analysing the number of homes intended for tourist use in relation to the surface area of each of these destinations, those in the Valencian Community stand out in particular. Meanwhile, if its relationship with the population is taken into account, the outstanding values are repeated in Catalonia.

When combining the data on the number of STVs in the destinations on the map with the measurement of tourism from the INE’s mobile telephony, several destinations stand out with a ratio that is around or exceeds 3 tourist homes for every 100 tourists received in August. If we also consider the average capacity of tourist accommodation (more than four people in the case of Haría, for example), it could be considered that tourist accommodation in that destination would have the capacity to accommodate around 20% of the tourists received.

Origin of the data and when the experimental statistics on the measurement of the number of tourist homes in Spain are published

The analytical visualization proposed in Dataestur is based on the data published by the National Institute of Statistics (INE) in its experimental statistics measuring the number of homes for tourist use in Spain.

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