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Guide how to buy houses-villas in Marbella and surrounding

Guide how to buy houses-villas in Marbella and surrounding

General aspects

The city of Marbella

Marbella is a city in southern Spain, renowned for its luxurious lifestyle, beautiful beaches, and vibrant cultural scene. Here are some key aspects of Marbella:

  1. Location and Geography: Marbella is situated on the Costa del Sol in the province of Málaga, Andalusia. It lies along the Mediterranean Sea and is known for its picturesque setting, with the Sierra Blanca mountains as a backdrop.
  2. Climate: The city enjoys a Mediterranean climate characterized by hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. This makes it a popular year-round destination.
  3. History and Culture: Marbella has a rich history, with evidence of Phoenician, Roman, and Arabic influences. The Old Town, with its narrow streets and historical buildings, reflects this diverse heritage. Additionally, the city has numerous cultural events, including art exhibitions, music festivals, and traditional Spanish fiestas.
  4. Tourism and Economy: Marbella is a major tourist destination known for its luxury hotels, high-end shopping, fine dining, and nightlife. It attracts visitors from around the world, contributing significantly to the local economy. The region is also famous for its golf courses.
  5. Real Estate and Luxury Living: The city is known for its upscale real estate market, with many luxury villas, apartments, and exclusive residential areas. Puerto Banús, a marina located in the area, is famous for its luxury yachts, designer shops, and upscale restaurants.
  6. Beaches and Natural Attractions: Marbella boasts several beautiful beaches, such as Playa de la Fontanilla, and natural attractions like the Sierra de las Nieves natural park nearby. These locations offer opportunities for outdoor activities like hiking, swimming, and water sports.
  7. Accessibility: Marbella is easily accessible, with Málaga Airport being the nearest major airport. The city also has a good road network, connecting it to other parts of Spain.

Overall, Marbella combines natural beauty, historical richness, and modern luxury, making it a unique and appealing destination for tourists and residents alike.

Districts of Marbella city

Marbella is divided into several distinct areas, each with its own unique characteristics and attractions. Here are some of the key areas:

  1. Marbella Old Town (Casco Antiguo): This historic center is characterized by narrow, winding streets and traditional Andalusian architecture. It’s home to Plaza de los Naranjos, a charming square filled with orange trees, and historic sites like the 16th-century Town Hall and the Church of Santa Maria de la Encarnacion.
  2. Puerto Banús: Known for its luxury yachts, designer shops, and upscale nightlife, Puerto Banús is a hub of luxury and glamour. It’s a popular spot for celebrity spotting and offers some of the best shopping and dining experiences in Marbella.
  3. Golden Mile: Stretching from the western edge of Marbella to Puerto Banús, the Golden Mile is famous for its prestigious villas, luxury hotels, and beautiful beachfront properties. It’s one of the most exclusive areas in Marbella.
  4. Nueva Andalucía: Situated just north of Puerto Banús, Nueva Andalucía is a well-established residential area known for its golf courses, such as Las Brisas and Los Naranjos, and lovely residential communities.
  5. San Pedro de Alcántara: This area has a more traditional Spanish feel and is popular among families. It offers a mix of modern and traditional living, with a beautiful beach and a charming town center.
  6. Elviria: Located to the east of Marbella, Elviria is known for its beautiful beaches, such as Nikki Beach, and is home to a mix of luxury properties and family-friendly residential areas.
  7. La Zagaleta: An exclusive gated community situated in the mountains above Marbella, offering some of the most luxurious villas in the area, with stunning views and utmost privacy.
  8. Los Monteros: This prestigious area to the east of Marbella is known for its luxurious villas, beautiful beaches, and the famous Los Monteros Hotel.
  9. La Quinta: Near Nueva Andalucía, La Quinta is known for its golf resort and beautiful mountain and sea views. It’s a quiet, residential area with luxury homes and apartments.
  10. Marbella East: This area includes several smaller communities like El Rosario, Las Chapas, and Cabopino, known for their lovely beaches, golf courses, and a mix of holiday homes and permanent residences.

Each of these areas contributes to the diverse and rich tapestry that makes Marbella a sought-after location for both visitors and residents.

 Why Marbella for living?

Choosing Marbella as a place to live offers numerous benefits, making it a popular choice for both expatriates and Spaniards. Here are some key reasons why Marbella is an attractive option for living:

  1. Pleasant Climate: Marbella enjoys a Mediterranean climate with mild winters and warm summers. The weather is one of its biggest draws, offering more than 300 sunny days a year, ideal for outdoor activities and a healthy lifestyle.
  2. High Quality of Life: Marbella offers a high standard of living with access to excellent healthcare facilities, international schools, and a wide range of leisure activities. The city caters to a comfortable and luxurious lifestyle.
  3. Beautiful Beaches and Natural Surroundings: The city boasts some of the best beaches in the Costa del Sol, along with beautiful natural surroundings, including mountains and green spaces, ideal for hiking, cycling, and nature walks.
  4. Luxurious Amenities and Leisure Activities: Marbella is known for its luxury amenities, including high-end shopping, gourmet dining, exclusive clubs, and prestigious golf courses. This makes it a perfect place for those seeking a lifestyle of leisure and luxury.
  5. Cultural Diversity: With a significant expatriate community, Marbella is culturally diverse, offering an international environment where many languages are spoken, and various cultural events are celebrated.
  6. Real Estate Investment: The property market in Marbella is robust, with a range of high-quality real estate options from beachfront apartments to luxury villas. Investing in Marbella property can be a sound financial decision.
  7. Safety and Security: Marbella is considered a safe city with a low crime rate, making it an attractive place for families and individuals seeking a secure living environment.
  8. Rich Cultural and Historical Heritage: The city’s history and culture are evident in its old town, traditional festivals, and architectural landmarks, offering a blend of modernity and tradition.
  9. International Connectivity: Marbella is easily accessible from major cities across Europe, thanks to the proximity of Málaga Airport, which offers a range of international flights.
  10. Community and Social Life: The city has a vibrant social scene and a sense of community, with numerous clubs, associations, and groups catering to various interests and nationalities.

Living in Marbella offers a unique blend of luxury, comfort, and natural beauty, making it an ideal location for those seeking a high quality of life in a beautiful and culturally rich setting.

 Marbella vs Málaga

Comparing Marbella and Málaga offers insights into two distinct lifestyles and environments within the Costa del Sol region of Spain. Both cities have their unique appeals and characteristics.


  1. Luxury and Exclusivity: Marbella is known for its luxurious lifestyle, with high-end properties, exclusive boutiques, and upscale dining. It’s a hotspot for celebrities and the wealthy.
  2. Smaller and More Intimate: As a smaller city, Marbella offers a more intimate setting. Its neighborhoods, such as the famous Golden Mile and Puerto Banús, are renowned for their exclusivity.
  3. Tourist Focus: Marbella tends to be more tourist-centric, especially in areas like Puerto Banús, catering to a luxury international clientele.
  4. Beach Life and Leisure: It’s famous for its beautiful beaches, golf courses, and leisure activities tailored to a luxury lifestyle.
  5. Cultural Diversity: Marbella has a significant expatriate community, contributing to a diverse cultural environment.


  1. Cultural and Historical Hub: Málaga is rich in culture and history, with numerous museums (including the Picasso Museum), historic buildings, and a vibrant old town.
  2. Larger and More Urban: As a larger city, Málaga offers a more urban experience with a variety of neighborhoods, a bustling city center, and a more diverse population.
  3. Economic and Educational Centers: Málaga hosts more economic and educational opportunities, with larger business sectors and universities.
  4. Transportation Hub: With its international airport and port, Málaga is a significant transportation hub in Andalusia, offering better connectivity than Marbella.
  5. Broader Appeal: While it has upscale areas, Málaga generally caters to a broader range of lifestyles and budgets compared to Marbella’s focus on luxury.

Lifestyle Comparison

  • Lifestyle: Marbella is often chosen for its luxury lifestyle, ideal for those seeking exclusivity and high-end living. In contrast, Málaga offers a more traditional urban Spanish lifestyle, with a rich cultural scene and a mix of modern and historical elements.
  • Cost of Living: Generally, Marbella is more expensive, especially in terms of real estate and leisure activities. Málaga, while still offering upscale options, has a wider range of living costs.
  • Audience: Marbella attracts a lot of tourists and expatriates looking for a luxurious retreat, whereas Málaga draws a mix of tourists, students, and locals seeking a vibrant urban environment.

Málaga vs Madrid


  1. Coastal and Luxury Lifestyle: Marbella is famed for its luxurious resorts, upscale shopping, and exclusive residential areas. It’s a hub for high-end tourism and a favorite among celebrities.
  2. Pleasant Climate: Benefiting from a Mediterranean climate, Marbella enjoys warm, sunny weather for most of the year, making it ideal for beach life and outdoor activities.
  3. Smaller Population: As a smaller city, Marbella offers a more relaxed pace of life and a sense of community, especially in areas like the Old Town and Puerto Banús.
  4. Tourism-Driven Economy: The local economy is heavily reliant on tourism and real estate, catering primarily to luxury travel and lifestyle.
  5. Natural Scenery and Beaches: Marbella boasts beautiful beaches, marinas, and the scenic backdrop of the Sierra Blanca mountains.


  1. Cultural and Political Center: As Spain’s capital, Madrid is the cultural, political, and economic heart of the country. It is home to numerous museums, historic sites, and government institutions.
  2. Diverse and Dynamic Urban Life: Madrid offers a vibrant city life with diverse neighborhoods, a bustling nightlife, and a wide range of cultural activities and events.
  3. Continental Climate: Madrid experiences hot summers and cold winters, due to its high altitude and inland location.
  4. Larger and More Diverse Population: With a much larger population, Madrid is a melting pot of cultures and lifestyles, offering a wide range of experiences and communities.
  5. Economic and Educational Hub: Madrid hosts major businesses, universities, and is a central hub for transportation and infrastructure in Spain.

Lifestyle Comparison

  • Lifestyle: Marbella is often chosen for its relaxed, luxury coastal lifestyle and is popular among retirees and those seeking a second home in the sun. Madrid appeals to those seeking a dynamic urban environment with rich cultural and professional opportunities.
  • Cost of Living: Generally, Madrid offers a range of living costs, accommodating various lifestyles, while Marbella is known for its high cost of living, especially in luxury real estate and amenities.
  • Cultural and Recreational Activities: Madrid excels in cultural offerings like theaters, museums, and historic sites, whereas Marbella is more focused on leisure activities like golf, yachting, and beach life.

Choosing between Marbella and Madrid depends largely on personal preferences and lifestyle choices. Marbella is ideal for those seeking a sunny, luxury coastal lifestyle, while Madrid is better suited for those looking for a bustling, diverse urban experience with rich cultural offerings.

 Marbella vs Barcelona

Comparing Marbella and Barcelona provides insights into two distinct lifestyles in Spain, each with unique cultural, geographical, and social characteristics. Here’s an overview of how they differ:


  1. Location and Climate: Situated on the southern coast of Spain, Marbella enjoys a Mediterranean climate with mild winters and hot summers. It’s known for over 300 days of sunshine annually.
  2. Luxury and Leisure: Marbella is synonymous with luxury and exclusivity, famous for its upscale resorts, golf courses, and Puerto Banús marina, which attracts a wealthy international crowd.
  3. Size and Atmosphere: As a smaller city, Marbella offers a more relaxed and intimate atmosphere, with a focus on leisure and relaxation.
  4. Beaches and Natural Beauty: With beautiful beaches and a backdrop of mountains, Marbella is ideal for those who love beach life combined with outdoor activities in nature.
  5. Cultural Diversity: Marbella has a significant expatriate community, which adds to its cultural diversity, though it may not be as culturally rich as larger cities.


  1. Location and Climate: Located in northeastern Spain, Barcelona experiences a varied climate with humid summers and cool winters. It’s more temperate than Marbella and can experience more seasonal changes.
  2. Cultural and Architectural Hub: Barcelona is renowned for its rich cultural heritage, iconic architecture by Antoni Gaudí (like Sagrada Família and Park Güell), numerous museums, and vibrant arts scene.
  3. Urban and Diverse: As a large city, Barcelona offers a more urban lifestyle with diverse neighborhoods, bustling markets, and an active nightlife.
  4. Economic and Educational Centers: Being a major city, Barcelona has a stronger economy with more job opportunities, and is home to several renowned universities and business schools.
  5. Tourism and International Appeal: While both cities are tourist hotspots, Barcelona attracts a broader range of tourists interested in its cultural, historical, and architectural attractions.

Lifestyle Comparison

  • Lifestyle: Marbella is often chosen for its tranquil, luxurious lifestyle and is particularly popular among retirees and those seeking a holiday home. Barcelona, on the other hand, offers a dynamic urban life, appealing to a younger, diverse population including students and professionals.
  • Cost of Living: Both cities are among the more expensive in Spain, but Barcelona can offer more affordable options due to its size and diversity.
  • Connectivity: Barcelona has better international connectivity with a major airport and high-speed train links to other parts of Europe.

In summary, Marbella and Barcelona cater to different preferences. Marbella is ideal for those seeking a luxurious, relaxed coastal lifestyle, while Barcelona appeals to those looking for a vibrant, culturally rich urban environment with more economic and educational opportunities.

Marbella vs Estepona


  1. Luxury and Glamour: Marbella is internationally renowned for its luxurious lifestyle. It’s home to upscale boutiques, high-end restaurants, and exclusive clubs, particularly around areas like Puerto Banús.
  2. Tourist Magnet: It attracts a significant number of tourists and is known for its vibrant nightlife and celebrity sightings.
  3. Real Estate: Marbella’s real estate market is marked by luxury villas, high-end apartments, and exclusive gated communities.
  4. Beaches and Leisure Activities: Offers some of the most well-known beaches on the Costa del Sol, along with prestigious golf courses and other leisure facilities.
  5. Cultural Mix: Due to its popularity with international visitors and expatriates, Marbella has a diverse cultural scene.


  1. Traditional Charm and Relaxed Pace: Estepona is often appreciated for retaining its traditional Spanish charm. It’s less commercialized and has a more relaxed pace of life compared to Marbella.
  2. Family-Friendly and Authentic: Estepona is considered more family-oriented and is known for its authentic Andalusian atmosphere. Its old town is particularly charming with flower-lined streets and quaint cafés.
  3. Real Estate: While it also offers luxury properties, Estepona’s real estate market is generally more varied and slightly more affordable than Marbella’s.
  4. Natural Beauty and Beaches: Estepona boasts beautiful beaches and a scenic promenade. It also has a botanical garden and a commitment to environmental preservation.
  5. Local Cultural Scene: The town has a more local Spanish cultural vibe with traditional festivals and markets.

Comparison in Lifestyle and Appeal

  • Lifestyle: Marbella caters to those seeking a dynamic, luxurious lifestyle with a focus on glamour and exclusivity. Estepona is more suited for those looking for a relaxed, authentic Spanish lifestyle.
  • Cost of Living: Generally, Marbella is more expensive, especially regarding property prices and lifestyle services. Estepona offers a more moderate cost of living.
  • Atmosphere: Marbella is often bustling and energetic, while Estepona provides a calmer, more laid-back environment.
  • Audience: Marbella attracts tourists, celebrities, and affluent individuals looking for a luxury experience. Estepona appeals to families, retirees, and those seeking a genuine Andalusian experience.

 Marbella vs Jávea (Alicante)

Comparing Marbella and Javea, both popular coastal destinations in Spain, offers insights into their distinct characteristics and appeals. While both are located in the southern part of Spain, they are in different regions and offer unique experiences.


  1. Location: Marbella is situated in the Costa del Sol in the province of Málaga, Andalusia.
  2. Luxury Lifestyle: Known for its luxury, Marbella has a reputation for high-end shopping, upscale restaurants, and exclusive nightclubs, especially around Puerto Banús.
  3. Beaches and Leisure: It boasts some of the most famous beaches on the Costa del Sol and is known for its golf courses and other leisure activities.
  4. International Appeal: Marbella attracts a diverse international crowd, including celebrities and affluent tourists.
  5. Real Estate: The real estate market here is characterized by luxury villas and high-end apartments.
  6. Cultural Diversity: With a significant expatriate community, Marbella offers a cosmopolitan atmosphere.

Javea (Xàbia)

  1. Location: Javea is located on the Costa Blanca in the province of Alicante, Valencia region.
  2. Relaxed and Family-Friendly: Javea is known for its more laid-back, family-friendly atmosphere. It’s less commercialized and has a quieter ambiance compared to Marbella.
  3. Natural Scenery: Javea is renowned for its stunning natural scenery, including the Montgó Massif and beautiful coves and beaches.
  4. Local Spanish Culture: While it has an expatriate community, Javea maintains a strong local Spanish culture with traditional festivals and a slower pace of life.
  5. Diverse Real Estate Market: The property market in Javea offers a range of options, from beachfront apartments to traditional villas, generally at a lower price point than Marbella.
  6. Outdoor Activities: Javea is popular for outdoor activities like hiking, cycling, and water sports, with a focus on nature and the outdoors.


  • Lifestyle: Marbella is often chosen for its glamorous, luxurious lifestyle and vibrant nightlife. Javea, on the other hand, is more about a relaxed, family-friendly living, close to nature.
  • Cost of Living: Marbella generally has a higher cost of living due to its luxury amenities and real estate. Javea offers a more affordable lifestyle with a diverse range of living options.
  • Atmosphere: Marbella is bustling and cosmopolitan, while Javea offers a more tranquil, traditional Spanish environment.
  • Target Audience: Marbella attracts those seeking a luxury, high-energy environment, often including the rich and famous. Javea appeals to families, retirees, and those looking for a serene coastal life with strong local culture.

Marbella vs Palma de Mallorca

Comparing Marbella and Palma de Mallorca offers a look at two desirable but distinct destinations in Spain, each with its own unique appeal. Both are popular among tourists and expatriates, but they cater to different lifestyles and preferences.


  1. Luxury and Exclusivity: Marbella, located on the southern coast of Spain, is famed for its luxurious lifestyle, high-end properties, exclusive boutiques, and upscale dining, especially in areas like Puerto Banús.
  2. Mediterranean Climate: It enjoys a warm Mediterranean climate with hot summers and mild winters, ideal for beach enthusiasts and outdoor activities year-round.
  3. Cultural Diversity: Due to its popularity with international visitors, Marbella has a diverse, cosmopolitan atmosphere.
  4. Golf and Beaches: Known for its beautiful beaches and prestigious golf courses, Marbella is a favorite for beach-goers and golf enthusiasts.
  5. Smaller and Intimate: Marbella is smaller in size, offering a more intimate setting compared to major urban centers.

Palma de Mallorca

  1. Island Lifestyle: As the capital of the Balearic Islands, Palma offers a unique island lifestyle with stunning coastal landscapes and a laid-back Mediterranean atmosphere.
  2. Rich Cultural Heritage: Palma de Mallorca has a rich historical and cultural heritage, evident in its architecture, like the Gothic cathedral, and numerous cultural festivals.
  3. Varied Landscape: Being on an island, Palma offers a variety of landscapes, from beautiful beaches to mountainous regions, offering diverse activities from sailing to hiking.
  4. Bustling Urban Environment: Palma is a bustling city with a vibrant urban life, offering a mix of modern amenities and historical charm.
  5. Tourism Diversity: While it attracts luxury tourists, Palma also appeals to a broader range of visitors, including those interested in cultural tourism, nature, and water sports.

Comparison in Lifestyle and Appeal

  • Lifestyle: Marbella is often chosen for its luxurious, high-end lifestyle and exclusive amenities. Palma de Mallorca, while also offering luxury, provides a more diverse urban experience combined with the charm of island life.
  • Climate and Geography: Both enjoy a Mediterranean climate, but Palma’s island setting offers a different coastal experience compared to Marbella’s mainland beach lifestyle.
  • Cultural Experience: Palma has a more evident local Balearic and Spanish culture, while Marbella has a more international, cosmopolitan vibe.
  • Cost of Living: Marbella is known for its high cost of living due to its luxury amenities and exclusive real estate. Palma also can be expensive but offers a wider range of options that can cater to different budgets.

Marbella vs Alicante

Comparing Marbella and Alicante, two popular destinations in Spain, offers insights into their unique characteristics and lifestyles. Both are coastal cities with their own distinct appeals.


  1. Luxury and Exclusivity: Known for its luxurious lifestyle, Marbella has upscale boutiques, high-end restaurants, and exclusive clubs, especially in areas like Puerto Banús. It’s a hub for the wealthy and famous.
  2. Tourist-Focused: Marbella attracts a significant number of tourists and is renowned for its vibrant nightlife and celebrity sightings.
  3. Real Estate: The real estate market in Marbella is dominated by luxury properties, including villas and high-end apartments.
  4. Beaches and Leisure: Offers some of the finest beaches on the Costa del Sol, along with prestigious golf courses and other high-end leisure facilities.
  5. Cultural Diversity: Due to its popularity with international tourists and expatriates, Marbella enjoys a diverse cultural scene.


  1. Vibrant and Diverse: Alicante is a bustling city with a more traditional urban Spanish atmosphere. It offers a blend of historical sites, modern amenities, and cultural activities.
  2. Wide Appeal: Alicante attracts a diverse group of people, including students, tourists, and locals, with its university and various cultural offerings.
  3. Affordable Living: In general, Alicante has a more affordable cost of living compared to Marbella, including property prices and everyday expenses.
  4. Beaches and Natural Beauty: While Alicante also boasts beautiful beaches, it offers a more balanced urban-beach lifestyle. The surrounding region provides diverse landscapes, from mountains to coastal plains.
  5. Cultural and Historical Richness: Alicante has a rich history, evident in its architecture and cultural landmarks, like the Castle of Santa Bárbara.

Lifestyle Comparison

  • Lifestyle: Marbella is often chosen for its high-end, glamorous lifestyle, ideal for luxury seekers. In contrast, Alicante offers a more traditional, diverse urban Spanish lifestyle.
  • Cost of Living: Marbella is generally more expensive, particularly in terms of real estate and luxury services. Alicante offers a wider range of living costs.
  • Atmosphere: Marbella is known for its glitz and glamour, while Alicante provides a blend of modern urban life with historical charm.
  • Audience: Marbella attracts tourists and expatriates looking for luxury, while Alicante appeals to a broader audience, including students, families, and retirees seeking a vibrant yet more affordable lifestyle.

Working and living in Marbella

Living and working in Marbella can provide a unique and appealing lifestyle, especially for those seeking a balance between a high standard of living and the enjoyment of the Mediterranean climate and culture. Here are some key aspects to consider if you’re thinking about working and living in Marbella:


  • Pleasant Climate: Marbella is known for its mild, sunny weather, which is conducive to an outdoor lifestyle and numerous leisure activities.
  • Luxurious Amenities: The city offers a range of high-end amenities, including luxury shopping, gourmet dining, exclusive clubs, and prestigious golf courses.
  • Beautiful Beaches: With some of the best beaches on the Costa del Sol, Marbella provides ample opportunities for relaxation and water sports.

Working Environment

  • Tourism-Driven Economy: Much of Marbella’s economy is driven by tourism. Jobs in hospitality, retail, real estate, and leisure services are common.
  • Seasonal Employment: Given its tourist appeal, there can be a high seasonality factor in job availability, with more opportunities in the warmer months.
  • Expatriate and Multilingual Opportunities: The substantial expatriate community and international tourists mean that multilingual skills, especially in English, can be highly valuable.

Cost of Living

  • Higher Cost of Living: Marbella is known for its high cost of living, especially in terms of housing, dining, and leisure activities.
  • Real Estate: The housing market can be expensive, particularly in sought-after areas or near the beachfront. Renting or buying property requires careful consideration of budget and location.

Community and Culture

  • Cultural Diversity: With a significant expat population, Marbella is culturally diverse, offering a mix of Spanish and international cultures.
  • Family-Friendly: Marbella offers good facilities for families, including international schools and family-oriented activities and communities.


  • Connectivity: While Marbella is well-connected by road, it lacks a train station. The nearest airport is in Málaga, about a 45-minute drive away.

Work-Life Balance

  • Relaxed Pace: The Spanish lifestyle, particularly in coastal areas like Marbella, is known for a more relaxed approach to life, which can be a significant change for those used to a fast-paced work environment.

Legal and Administrative Aspects

  • Visas and Permits: If you’re not an EU citizen, you’ll need to consider visa and work permit requirements.
  • Spanish Proficiency: While English is widely spoken in the expatriate community, knowing Spanish can be advantageous, especially for professional interactions and integrating into local life.

Living and working in Marbella offers a blend of luxury, relaxation, and cultural diversity. It’s well-suited for those who thrive in a cosmopolitan environment and enjoy the perks of a coastal Mediterranean city. However, it’s important to be mindful of the higher cost of living and the seasonal nature of some employment opportunities.

 Cost of Living in Marbella (2023)

Marbella is known for being a luxurious and upscale destination, and as such, some expenses may be higher compared to other Spanish cities. Here are some approximate costs you might expect in 2022:

  1. Housing: Rent for a one-bedroom apartment in the city center could range from €800 to €1,500 per month, while rents in less central areas might be slightly lower. Buying property can vary greatly depending on the location and type of property.
  2. Food: Dining out at a mid-range restaurant could cost you around €20-€50 per person. Groceries for a single person might average around €200-€300 per month.
  3. Transportation: A monthly public transportation pass in Marbella could cost around €40-€60. If you own a car, you’ll need to budget for fuel, parking, and maintenance.
  4. Utilities: Basic utilities (including electricity, heating, cooling, water, and garbage) might cost around €100-€150 per month for a typical apartment.
  5. Entertainment: The cost of entertainment can vary widely, but a cinema ticket might cost around €8-€12, and a gym membership could range from €30-€60 per month.

 Healthcare System in Marbella

Here are some key points about health and medical care in Marbella:

  1. Public Healthcare: Spain has a public healthcare system known as the Sistema Nacional de Salud (SNS), which provides universal coverage to all residents, including expatriates. If you are a legal resident or working in Spain, you can access public healthcare services by registering with the nearest public health center and obtaining a health card (Tarjeta Sanitaria Individual or TSI). Public healthcare is generally of high quality and covers a wide range of medical services.
  2. Private Healthcare: In addition to the public healthcare system, Marbella has a robust private healthcare sector. Many residents and expatriates opt for private health insurance or pay out-of-pocket for private medical services. Private healthcare facilities often offer shorter waiting times for non-emergency procedures and more personalized care.
  3. Hospitals and Clinics: Marbella has several hospitals and medical clinics, both public and private, where you can receive medical care. One of the prominent private hospitals in the area is the Hospital Costa del Sol.
  4. Emergency Services: In case of emergencies, you can dial 112 for immediate assistance. Marbella has well-equipped emergency departments in its hospitals.
  5. Pharmacies: Pharmacies (farmacias) are widely available throughout Marbella, and they provide a range of over-the-counter medications and prescription drugs. Pharmacists can often provide advice on minor health issues.
  6. Medical Tourism: Marbella is a popular destination for medical tourism, particularly in the fields of cosmetic and elective surgery. Many visitors from other countries come to Marbella for medical treatments and procedures.
  7. Language: While healthcare professionals in Marbella often speak English, especially in private clinics catering to expatriates, it’s helpful to know some basic Spanish or have access to a translator, especially in public healthcare settings.
  8. Costs: Public healthcare in Spain is generally affordable for residents, but private healthcare costs can vary depending on the type of insurance and services you choose. Be sure to understand the terms and coverage of your health insurance policy if you have one.

In summary, Marbella rovides a balance of a culturally rich environment, a relaxed coastal lifestyle, and modern urban amenities, all while being relatively affordable. The city’s healthcare system is robust, offering both public and private options to cater to different needs. This combination makes Marbella an attractive destination for living and working.

Immigration offices in the area of Marbella  – NIE’s, Visas, Permits, etc. 

Marbella City:

There are two places in Marbella where you can apply for an NIE:

  • Comisaría de Policía Nacional de Marbella
    • Av. Ricardo Soriano, 21, 29601 Marbella, Málaga, Spain
    • Opening hours: Monday-Friday 9:00 AM – 7:00 PM
    • Phone number: +34 952 82 13 53
  • Extranjería de Marbella
    • Av. Ricardo Soriano, 19 – 4, 29601 Marbella, Málaga, Spain
    • Phone number: +34 952 77 00 00

Comisaría de Policía Nacional Estepona

  • Calle Valle Inclán 1, 29680 Estepona, Málaga
  • +34 952 79 83 00

You can also apply for an NIE online at the website of the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs:

To apply for an NIE, you will need to provide the following documents:

  • A completed EX-15 form
  • A copy of your passport
  • Two passport-sized photographs
  • Proof of your address in Spain
  • Proof of your financial means

The processing time for an NIE application is usually around 2-3 weeks.

Here are some additional tips for applying for an NIE in Marbella:

  • Make an appointment online before you go to the police station or extranjería.
  • Arrive at your appointment early.
  • Bring all of the required documents with you.
  • Be prepared to pay the application fee.

Services Offered:

The Foreigners Offices in Marbella and Estepona handles a variety of procedures, including:

  • Temporary residence and work permit (and renewal).
  • Temporary residence for self-employment (and renewal).
  • Temporary residence for transnational service providers (and renewal).
  • Temporary residence for research (and renewal).
  • Various types of work permits for residents.
  • Short-term stay extensions.
  • Non-profit temporary residence permits (and renewal).
  • Family reunification processes.
  • Procedures for rooting and other exceptional circumstances.
  • Long-term residence permits, including for EU citizens.
  • Permits for studies, student mobility, internships, and voluntary service.
  • Modifications of conditions for foreigners in Spain.
  • Child residence permits and related procedures.
  • Visas for foreign child adoption.
  • Repatriation of unaccompanied foreign children.
  • Residence cards for relatives of EU citizens.
  • Processes related to deportations, returns, and appeals​​​​​​.

This office plays a crucial role for expatriates and foreigners in Málaga, offering essential services for legal residency and work in Spain.

 What are the best banks in Marbella city?

  1. Santander Bank
  • One of the largest banks in Spain, known for its extensive network of branches and ATMs.
  • Offers a wide range of banking products and services, including personal and business banking, online banking, and investment services.
  1. BBVA (Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria)
  • Another major Spanish bank with a strong presence in Valencia.
  • Known for its user-friendly online banking platform and comprehensive range of services.
  1. CaixaBank
  • One of the leading financial institutions in Spain, renowned for customer service.
  • Offers a broad spectrum of banking products, including innovative digital banking solutions.
  1. Bankia
  • It has a significant presence in Valencia and offers a variety of banking services for individuals and businesses.
  • Known for its efficient online banking services.
  1. Sabadell Bank
  • Offers a range of banking services and is known for catering well to expatriates and English-speaking clients.
  • Provides personal, business, and private banking services.
  1. ING
  • A Dutch multinational bank, popular for its no-frills online banking services.
  • Known for competitive savings accounts and lack of fees for basic services.

Adresses of the above banks in Marbella:

  • Banco Sabadell:
    • Address: Plaza de la Constitución, 1, 29601 Marbella, Málaga
    • Opening Hours: Monday to Friday: 08:30 – 14:00; Saturday: 09:00 – 13:00
  • BBVA:
    • Address: Av. Ricardo Soriano, 4, 29601 Marbella, Málaga
    • Opening Hours: Monday to Friday: 08:30 – 20:00; Saturday: 09:00 – 14:00
  • CaixaBank:
    • Address: Av. Cervantes, 3, 29601 Marbella, Málaga
    • Opening Hours: Monday to Friday: 08:30 – 20:00; Saturday: 09:00 – 13:00
  • Deutsche Bank:
    • Address: Av. Ricardo Soriano, 39, 29601 Marbella, Málaga
    • Opening Hours: Monday to Friday: 09:00 – 14:00; Thursday: 09:00 – 20:00
  • HSBC:
    • Address: Puerto Banús, 3-4, 29602 Marbella, Málaga
    • Opening Hours: Monday to Friday: 09:00 – 14:00; Thursday: 09:00 – 20:00
  • Santander:
    • Address: Calle Marqués de Salamanca, 2, 29602 Marbella, Málaga
    • Opening Hours: Monday to Friday: 08:30 – 20:00; Saturday: 09:00 – 14:00
  • ING Direct:
    • Address: Av. Ricardo Soriano, 1, Local 5, 29601 Marbella, Málaga
    • Opening Hours: Monday to Friday: 08:30 – 14:00

 Connection flights to Marbella from Málaga airport

Marbella has an excellent connection to Málaga Airport (AGP)., which is one of the most international Spanish airports, and which offers a wide range of domestic and international flight connections serviced by numerous airlines. Here’s a comprehensive list:

Domestic Flights from Málaga Airport (Summer 2023)

  1. Barcelona (Vueling, Ryanair)
  2. Bilbao (Vueling, Volotea)
  3. Ceuta (Hélity)
  4. Gran Canaria (Vueling, Ryanair)
  5. Ibiza (Ryanair)
  6. Lanzarote (Vueling, Ryanair)
  7. Madrid (Air Europa, Air Nostrum, Iberia, Iberia Express)
  8. Melilla (Air Nostrum)
  9. Menorca (Ryanair)
  10. Oviedo (Vueling, Volotea)
  11. Palma de Mallorca (Vueling, Ryanair)
  12. Santander (Ryanair)
  13. Santiago de Compostela (Vueling, Ryanair)
  14. Tenerife North (Vueling)
  15. Tenerife South (Ryanair)
  16. Valencia (Ryanair, Air Nostrum)
  17. Vitoria (Ryanair)​​.

International Flights from Málaga Airport (Summer 2023)

  • Austria: Vienna (Austrian Airlines, Ryanair, Wizz Air Hungary)
  • Belgium: Antwerp, Brussels, Liège, Ostend (Tui Fly Belgium, Brussels Airlines, Vueling, Ryanair)
  • Bulgaria: Sofia (Bulgaria Air, Ryanair, Wizz Air Hungary)
  • Canada: Montreal (Air Transat)
  • Czech Republic: Prague (Eurowings, Smartwings, Ryanair)
  • Croatia: Zagreb (Ryanair)
  • Denmark: Aalborg, Aarhus, Billund, Copenhagen (Norwegian Air Shuttle, Ryanair, Vueling, Scandinavian Airlines System)
  • Estonia: Tallinn (Air Baltic)
  • Finland: Helsinki (Finnair, Norwegian Air Shuttle), Tampere (Air Baltic)
  • France: Bordeaux, Lyon, Marseille, Paris (Ryanair, Transavia, Vueling, Air France, Easyjet Europe)
  • Germany: Multiple cities including Berlin, Cologne, Dusseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Munich (Easyjet Europe, Ryanair, Eurowings, Lufthansa)
  • Hungary: Budapest (Wizz Air Hungary, Ryanair)
  • Ireland: Cork, Dublin, Shannon, Knock (Ryanair, Aer Lingus)
  • Italy: Bologna, Milan, Naples, Pisa, Rome, Treviso, Turin (Ryanair, Easyjet Europe, Vueling)
  • Latvia: Riga (Ryanair, Air Baltic)
  • Lithuania: Kaunas (Ryanair)
  • Luxembourg: Luxembourg (Luxair)
  • Morocco: Casablanca, Fez, Marrakesh, Nador, Rabat, Tangier, Tetouan (Air Arabia Morocco, Ryanair, Vueling, Royal Air Maroc)
  • Netherlands: Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Rotterdam (Easyjet Europe, Corendon Dutch Airlines B.V., K.LM. Royal Dutch Airlines, Vueling, Transavia, Ryanair)
  • Norway: Bergen, Haugesund, Oslo, Stavanger, Trondheim (Norwegian Air Shuttle, Ryanair, Scandinavian Airlines System)
  • Poland: Krakow, Warsaw, Wroclaw (Ryanair, Wizz Air Hungary)
  • Portugal: Lisbon, Porto (TAP Portugal, Easyjet, Ryanair)
  • Romania: Bucharest, Cluj Napoca (Blue Air Aviation, Wizz Air Hungary)
  • Serbia: Belgrade (Air Serbia)
  • Sweden: Stockholm, Gothenburg (Ryanair, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Scandinavian Airlines System, Eurowings)
  • Switzerland: Basel, Geneva, Zurich (Easyjet Switzerland, Swiss International Air Lines, Vueling)
  • Turkey: Istanbul (Turkish Airlines)
  • United Kingdom: Multiple cities including Belfast, Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Edinburgh, Glasgow, London, Manchester, Newcastle (, Easyjet, Ryanair, Tui Airways, British Airways, Vueling, Wizz Air UK)​​.

 International Schools in Marbella city

  • Aloha College: Aloha College is an international school in Marbella that offers education in English. They follow the British curriculum and provide the IB Diploma Programme.
  • The British International School of Marbella: Located at Urbanizacion Rocio de Nagüeles No.4, C. Teba, 29602 Marbella, Málaga, Spain. It is open from 6:30 AM to 5:30 PM Monday to Friday. It has a 4.8 star rating on Google Maps
  • Swans International School Marbella: Located at C. Lago de los Cisnes, s/n, Nagüeles, 29602 Marbella, Málaga, Spain. It is open from 8:30 AM to 5:00 PM Monday to Friday. It has a 4 star rating on Google Maps.
  • Angeles School: Located at Edif Bruselas, Av. General López Domínguez, 5, 29603 Marbella, Málaga, Spain. It is open from 10:00 AM to 1:00 PM Monday to Friday. It has a 5 star rating on Google Maps
  • The English International College: Located at Autovía del Mediterráneo, Km. 189,5, 29604 Málaga, Spain. It has a 3.8 star rating on Google Maps.
  • Calpe School: Located at C. los Eucaliptos, 60, 29670 Marbella, Málaga, Spain. It is open from 8:30 AM to 5:00 PM Monday to Friday. It has a 4.8 star rating on Google Maps
  • Laude San Pedro International College: Located in nearby San Pedro de Alcántara, this international school offers education in English, including the IB Diploma Programme.
  • Colegio Alborán Marbella: While not an international school in the traditional sense, Colegio Alborán Marbella is a bilingual school offering education in Spanish and English. They follow the Spanish curriculum.
  • Sunny View School: Located in Torremolinos, not far from Marbella, Sunny View School offers education in English, following the British curriculum.
  • The American College in Marbella – Bilingüal American learning in Marbella.

What are the universities in Marbella-Málaga?

 Valencia hosts several reputable universities and higher education institutions. Here’s an overview of some of the main universities in Málaga:

University of Málaga

  •  Founded in 1972, with more than 40.000 students
  • Offers a wide range of undergraduate and postgraduate programs across various faculties, including Humanities, Sciences, Social Sciences, and Medicine.

Private Universities and Business Educational Centers

Escuela Superior de Gestión Comercial y Marketing (ESIC)

Este instituto es reconocido, especialmente por su programa de MBA, que figura entre los mejores según Bloomberg Business.

Ofrece grados en Marketing y Digital Business, así como una variedad de másteres en administración, tecnología, ventas y finanzas.

Escuela Superior de Estudios de Empresa (ESESA)

Es una institución que proporciona formación empresarial a través de grados, másteres y cursos de Formación Profesional (FP) en economía, marketing, comunicación, tecnología, entre otros. En Málaga, ESESA tiene un campus donde se imparten programas como el máster en Big Data e Ingeniería de Datos y un MBA Global.

Escuela Autónoma de Dirección de Empresas (EADE)

Ofrece grados y másteres oficiales en áreas como administración de empresas, publicidad, diseño y educación física.

Marbella International University Centre (MIUC)

Ofrece grados y másteres en inglés, especializándose en relaciones internacionales, negocios, comunicación y marketing. Es conocida por su enfoque multicultural y práctico en la enseñanza.

San Telmo Business School

Con campus en Málaga y Sevilla, es una de las escuelas de negocios más prestigiosas de España. Ofrece formación avanzada a empresarios y directivos, con un enfoque práctico y actualizado en la administración de empresas.

List of Consulates and Embassies in Málaga city

Consulado de Finlandia

Calle Córdoba, 6 Planta 4ª, oficina 401   – Málaga

+34 952 21 24 35

Consulado de Costa Rica

Victoria, nº 23, Bajo – Málaga

+34 610 70 44 01

Consulado de Canadá

Pl. de la Malagueta, 2 · Málaga

+34 952 22 33 46

Consulado de República de Austria

Alameda de Colón, 26, 2º izquierda · Málaga

+34 646 06 09 72

Consulado Honorario de Chile

José Denis Belgrano, 19, 1º · Málaga

+34 952 21 14 14

Consulado de Alemania

Mauricio Moro Pareto, 2 · Málaga

+34 952 36 39 58

Consulado de Mónaco

Calle Arquitecto Blanco Soler, 6 · Málaga

+34 952 21 29 42

Consulado de República de Brasil

Pl. de la Malagueta, 2 · Málaga

+34 952 21 10 69

Consulado del Paraguay

Avenida de Manuel Agustín Heredia, Nº 14, 1º Piso derecha · Málaga

+34 952 04 17 29

Consulado de Dinamarca

Córdoba, 6 · Málaga

+34  952 21 17 97

Consulado Republica Armenia

Teseo, 12 – Málaga

+34 693 36 55 70

Consulado de República de Polonia

Av. de José Ortega y Gasset, 112  – Málaga

+34  952 00 38 44

Consulado de Panamá

Cmo de S. Rafael

+ 34 · 952 35 98 06

British Consulate

Calle Mauricio Moro Pareto 2, Edificio Eurocom · Málaga

+ 952 35 23 00

Consulado del Uruguay 

Octavio Picón, 24 · Málaga

+34  952 20 06 33

Consulado del Reino de Arabia Saudi

Mauricio Moro Pareto, 2 · Málaga

+34 952 06 29 46

Consulado De Portugal

Cañizares, 15 · Málaga

+34 952 34 76 77

Consulat Honoraire de France

  1. Salvago, 2, Planta 4 – 1° izquierda – Málaga

Consulado de Suecia

Córdoba, 6 · Málaga

+34 952 60 43 83

Consulado de Eslovaquia

Flauta Mágica, 22 · Málaga

+34 952 22 33 10

Consulado de República Dominicana

Calle Dr. Manuel Pérez Bryan, 1 Málaga

Consulate of Ukraine in Malaga

Maestranza, 23, 1º Derecha · Málaga

+34  952 22 06 15

Consulado de República de Haití

Lugar Monte Miramar, 10 · Málaga

+34 952 21 23 39

Consulado de Hungría en Málaga

Huéscar, 2 · Málaga

+34 951 27 16 72

Consulado Filipino

Marín García, 5 · Málaga

+34 952 77 18 50

Consulado de Ecuador

Compositor Lehmberg Ruiz, 10, 2º, Of. 10 · Málaga

+34 952 06 29 59

Consulado de los Países Bajos

Av. Palma de Mallorca, 57, 29620 Torremolinos, Málaga

+ 34 952 38 08 88

Official Chambers of Commerce in Málaga

 Cámara Oficial de Comercio, Industria y Navegación de la Provincia de Málaga

Calle Cortina del Muelle, 23, 29015 Málaga

+34 952 21 16 73

Buying, investing or renting a house in Marbella

Typology of construction in Marbella City 

Marbella, like many cities, has a diverse typology of construction that includes various architectural styles and building types. The city’s construction reflects its history, culture, and the demands of its residents and visitors. Here are some common typologies of construction you can find in Marbella:

  • Residential Housing:
    • Apartments and Condominiums: High-rise and low-rise apartment buildings and condominium complexes are prevalent, especially in areas close to the coast. Many offer luxurious amenities and sea views.
    • Villas: Marbella is known for its luxury villas, often featuring spacious layouts, private swimming pools, and beautifully landscaped gardens.
    • Townhouses: Townhouses and semi-detached houses are also common, offering a mix of privacy and community living.
  • Hotels and Resorts:
    • Beachfront Resorts: Marbella has a range of beachfront hotels and resorts catering to tourists and visitors seeking upscale accommodations.
    • Boutique Hotels: There are also boutique hotels in the city that offer a more personalized and intimate experience.
    • Golf Resorts: Given Marbella’s popularity among golf enthusiasts, you can find hotels and resorts associated with golf courses.
  • Commercial and Retail:
    • Shopping Centers: Marbella has modern shopping centers with international brands and local shops.
    • Restaurants and Cafes: The city features numerous restaurants, cafes, and bars, with some offering beachfront dining experiences.
    • Commercial Offices: While Marbella is primarily known for tourism, there are also commercial office buildings catering to local businesses.
  • Historical and Traditional Architecture:
    • Marbella’s Old Town (Casco Antiguo) is characterized by narrow streets, whitewashed buildings, and a mix of architectural styles that reflect its Moorish and Spanish heritage.
    • Traditional Andalusian architecture, with courtyards and ornate tiles, is often seen in older homes and buildings.
  • Modern Architecture:
    • Modern and contemporary architecture can be found in newer developments and luxury properties. These buildings often feature sleek lines, large windows, and innovative designs.
  • Infrastructure:
    • Marbella has infrastructure such as bridges, roads, and utilities that support its urban development and transportation needs.
  • Green Spaces and Parks:
    • The city incorporates green spaces and parks, including landscaped gardens and recreational areas for residents and visitors to enjoy.
  • Cultural and Civic Buildings:
    • Marbella has cultural centers, museums, and civic buildings that host events, exhibitions, and public activities.
  • Gated Communities and Residential Complexes:
    • Many residential areas in Marbella are gated communities or private residential complexes with controlled access and security.
  • Marinas and Waterfront Structures:
    • The city has marinas and waterfront promenades that include boat docks, shops, and restaurants.

Marbella’s construction typology is influenced by its status as a luxury resort destination, as well as its commitment to preserving its historical and cultural heritage. The mix of traditional and modern elements makes Marbella a unique and diverse architectural landscape.

 Typology of residential buildings and Villas in Marbella

Marbella, being a popular and upscale destination, offers a variety of residential buildings and villas, each with its own architectural style and features. Here’s a typology of residential buildings and villas you can find in Marbella:

Residential Buildings

  1. Apartment Complexes:
    • High-Rise Apartments: In the city center and along the coast, you’ll find high-rise apartment complexes with stunning sea views.
    • Low-Rise Apartments: Some areas, particularly closer to the Old Town, feature low-rise apartment buildings with traditional Spanish architecture.
  1. Condominiums and Gated Communities:
    • Luxury Condominiums: Marbella boasts numerous luxury condominium developments offering amenities such as swimming pools, gyms, and 24/7 security.
    • Gated Communities: Many gated residential complexes provide privacy and security, often featuring townhouses and apartments.
  1. Penthouses:
    • Penthouses are often found in high-rise buildings and offer spacious living areas, private terraces, and panoramic views.
  1. Beachfront Properties:
    • Some residential buildings are located directly on the beach, offering immediate access to the sea and coastline.


  • Traditional Spanish Villas:
    • These villas often feature Mediterranean-style architecture with whitewashed walls, terracotta roofs, and ornate details. Courtyards and gardens are common.
  • Contemporary Villas:
    • Modern and minimalist designs with clean lines, large windows, and open spaces are popular in Marbella’s contemporary villas.
  • Luxury Villas:
    • Marbella is known for its luxury villas, which can include features like private swimming pools, home theaters, wine cellars, and expansive gardens.
  • Golf Course Villas:
    • Many villas are situated on or near golf courses, catering to golf enthusiasts. They often offer beautiful views of the fairways.
  • Hacienda-Style Villas:
    • Inspired by traditional Spanish haciendas, these villas feature courtyards, archways, and rustic elements.
  • Beachfront Villas:
    • Some villas are located right on the beach, providing direct access to the sea and breathtaking ocean views.
  • Mansion-Style Villas:
    • These large and opulent properties often include extensive grounds, multiple bedrooms, guesthouses, and staff quarters.
  • Eco-Friendly Villas:
    • As sustainability becomes more important, some villas in Marbella incorporate eco-friendly features such as solar panels and energy-efficient systems.
  • Smart Homes:
    • Modern villas often come equipped with smart home technology, allowing residents to control security, lighting, and climate remotely.
  • Historical Villas:
    • Some villas in Marbella’s Old Town are historic properties that have been renovated and restored to preserve their traditional charm.

It’s important to note that Marbella’s residential buildings and villas come in a wide range of sizes and price points, catering to a diverse clientele, from local residents to international buyers seeking luxury properties. The architectural diversity adds to the city’s appeal, offering options that suit various tastes and lifestyles.

Typologies of residential construction in Cities and villages in Estepona, San Pedro de Alcantara, Manilva and Ojén

The residential construction typologies in cities and villages in the areas around Estepona, San Pedro de Alcántara, Manilva, and Ojén, which are located on the Costa del Sol in southern Spain, can vary based on the location, local regulations, and the preferences of residents and developers. Here are some common residential construction typologies you might find in these areas:


  1. Beachfront Apartments: Estepona, being a coastal town, features many apartment complexes along its picturesque beaches. These can range from modern high-rises to smaller, traditional-style buildings.
  2. Golf Resort Communities: Estepona has several golf courses, and you can find residential communities adjacent to these courses, featuring villas and townhouses catering to golf enthusiasts.
  3. Urbanizations: Gated communities or urbanizations are common in Estepona, offering a mix of apartments, townhouses, and villas. These often provide security and communal facilities like swimming pools and gardens.
  4. Old Town: In the heart of Estepona, you’ll find a historic Old Town with narrow streets lined with traditional Spanish townhouses and apartments. Many of these have been renovated and restored.

San Pedro de Alcántara

  1. Beachside Apartments: San Pedro de Alcántara also offers beachfront apartments, particularly along the coast. These may include modern developments as well as more traditional structures.
  2. Urbanizations and Gated Communities: Similar to Estepona, you can find urbanizations and gated communities with a mix of property types, including apartments and villas.
  3. Residential Neighborhoods: Inland areas of San Pedro de Alcántara may have residential neighborhoods with a variety of housing types, including single-family homes and townhouses.


  1. Coastal Apartments: Manilva, located on the coast, features apartments and condominiums with sea views and access to the beach.
  2. Golf Properties: Like the neighboring areas, Manilva has golf courses, and you can find residential properties, including villas and townhouses, near these courses.
  3. Traditional Spanish Villages: In the inland areas of Manilva, you’ll encounter traditional Spanish villages with a mix of old and new construction, including townhouses and apartments.


  1. Village Homes: Ojén is a picturesque village in the hills above Marbella. Residential construction here often consists of traditional Spanish village homes, including townhouses and single-family houses.
  2. Rural Properties: In the surrounding countryside, you can find rural properties, including fincas (farmhouses) and country estates.
  3. New Developments: Ojén has seen some new residential developments in recent years, including modern villas and townhouses.
  4. Eco-Friendly and Sustainable Homes: Given its proximity to nature, some properties in Ojén are designed with eco-friendly features and sustainable building practices.

 Cadastral office in Marbella city and surrounding

  • Marbella

    • Cadastral Office (Oficina del Catastro) in Marbella:
    • Address: Avenida Ricardo Soriano, 7, 29601 Marbella, Málaga, Spain
  • Estepona

    • Cadastral Office (Oficina del Catastro) in Estepona:
    • Address: Calle Terraza, 2, 29680 Estepona, Málaga, Spain
  • San Pedro de Alcántara

    • Cadastral Office (Oficina del Catastro) in San Pedro de Alcántara:
    • Address: Avenida Miguel Hernández, 4, 29670 San Pedro de Alcántara, Málaga, Spain
  • Manilva

    • Cadastral Office (Oficina del Catastro) in Manilva:
    • Address: Calle Carril de las Palmeras, s/n, 29691 Manilva, Málaga, Spain
  • Ojén

    • Cadastral Office (Oficina del Catastro) in Ojén:
    • Address: Plaza de Andalucía, 9, 29610 Ojén, Málaga, Spain

Land Registy offices in Marbella city and surrounding





How to obtain a Certificate of Habitation in Marbella

Which is First Occupation License and Second Occupation License in Marbella? 

In Marbella, as in the rest of Andalucía, there are two main types of occupancy permits, each serving a different purpose:

  1. License of First Occupation: This is for brand new buildings. It’s a way for the authorities to confirm that a newly constructed building is safe and meets all the required standards, like health and safety regulations. It’s given out after the building is completed and inspected. This permit is crucial for getting electricity, water, and gas connected for the first time. Once issued, this license usually doesn’t need to be renewed.
  2. License of Second Occupation: This one applies to existing buildings, especially when they change hands or have undergone significant changes. It’s like a check-up to make sure the building is still in good shape and meets the current living standards. This license is necessary for either re-connecting utilities or changing the utility contracts into someone else’s name. Unlike the first one, this license might have an expiry date and could require renewal.

In simple terms, the First Occupation License is a “birth certificate”  for new buildings, while the Second Occupation License is more like a regular “health check” for older ones. Both are important for legally living in and using the property, and for ensuring access to essential services like water and electricity.

Change of the name from “Certificate of Habitation” to “Licencia de Primera Ocupación”  – First Occupation License

In 2020, Andalucia gov converted the “Certificate of Habitation ” (Cédula de Habitabilidad) to the “License of First of Occupation” (Licencia de Primera Ocupación), and it was only requested to new buildings. This procedure and its implications is exactly the same as per other regions of Spain as Valencia region. (read our Article for Valencia Region here)

So, in Andalucía, the “Certificate of Habitation” is now the “Licencia de Primera Ocupación”, which is used for new buildings.

What about resales?. Is there in Marbella a “Licencia de Segunda Ocupación” or Second Occupation License”? 

Marbella normative does not request Licencia de Ocupación to complete the sale of resales

Tradionally, despite of other regions as Catalonia, Valencia, Murcia, etc, in  Andalucia and Marbella it was not common to get Certificate of Habitation in the sale and purchase or resale properties.

So, in sales and purchases process, it is not necessary to supply from the vendor the Certificate of habitation or Second Occupation License.

Can water and electric contracts be changed in Marbella without Certificate of habitation or Second Occupation License? 

Yes. in Marbella the Certificate of Habitation or Second Occupation license is not needed to make the changes of water and electric contracts. So, most of property purchases in Andalusia are existing homes and some of these do not currently have a CH.

So, as result, even that there is not Certificate of Habitation the sale can be completed, and the changes of water and electric contracts can be completed in the name of the new owners.

How to obtain the Certificate of Habitation or the License of Occupation for old properties in Marbella  for tourist or vacation rent in AirBnB?

As stated above, in Andalucía, it is not required neither  the vendor, nor the buyer, to provide the certificate of habitation in resales. It implies that the find a high number of cases where properties are bought and sold without this certificate in place.

The problem arises when the owner of the property wishes to apply for the tourist rent or vacation rent license. Some big platforms as AirBnb, Homeaway, Booking, etc, force owners to supply the Certificate of Habitation to publish the property in their platforms, and also it is a document requested by the administration to get the tourist license registration.

In order to solve this point, Andalucian Laws has created a document called “Declaración Responsable de Ocupación”. 

The Andalucian Government regulates in the recent law to solve the situation: The LISTA

“Declaración Responsable” in Andalucía – Ley 7/2021 – “LISTA”

The law Ley 7/2021, de 1 de diciembre, de impulso para la sostenibilidad del territorio de Andalucía (also known as “LISTA”), on its  art. 138 establishes 2 ways to obtain the Certificate of Habitation – Second Occupation license by the process of “Declaración Responsable” (Responsible Declaration from the owner).

1.- New buildings or totally renovated properties with a prior Building License or Responsible Declaration (“Declaración Responsable”)

This is the Declaración Responsable for First Occupation License (“Licencia de Primera Ocupación), and it is provided when the occupation or use of buildings or facilities covered by a prior license or responsible declaration of works.

And always provided that they are completed and adjusted to these and their destination is in accordance with the applicable regulations.

2.-  Old properties or existing constructions- Resales – License of Second Occupation by Declaración Responsable

For existing properties or constructions, in the absence of previous building license, it can be obtained a “Declaración Responsable” which will make the same effects as the “Licencia de Ocupación” or “Certificate of Habitation”.

Can a “Fuera de Ordenación” or “DAFO” obtain the license of occupation-Declaración Responsable requested to obtain the tourist or vacation rent license in Marbella? 

Yes. The art. 138 from the LISTA, establishes that a Declaración Responsable, with the same effects as per the License of Occupation, can be obtained in the following cases:

  • For those existing buildings that comply with current planning normative
    • OR
  • For those are  in a legal situation outside of planning (“Fuera de Ordenación” – DAFO), located on urban land not subject to urban transformation actions, provided that they have not been the subject of works.

So, in case your intention is to obtain a Tourist License, then, you will be requested to obtain what is called “DECLARACION RESPONSABLE DE OCUPACIÓN”. This is a document issued from the Marbella’s Town Hall and which substitutes the Certificate of habitation. For this, you will need to supply to the Town Hall:

  • A certificate issued by an official architect with plans and details confirming the property fulfils with the habitation requirements.
  • A document where the owner guarantees under its responsibility that the construction and the documents provided are according to law.

Is it possible to obtain the Certificate of Habitation on a DAFO in Rustic Land in Málaga province? 

No. Following the art 138 from the LISTA, the Declaración Responsable is authorized to obtain for DAFO properties but in “urban land”, not in rustic.

So, how Can I obtain a Tourist Rent License in a rustic land property “Fuera de Ordenación” or DAFO in rustic Marbella?

You can obtain the Tourist or Vacation Rent License with the same DAFO document. The DAFO obtained from the public administration will have the same effects as the License of Occupation in order to obtain the Tourist or Vacation rental License.

What is the license of first occupation? is it the same as Certificate of habitation?

Yes, the “License of Occupation” and the “Occupation License” typically refer to the same thing, although the terminology might slightly vary depending on the region or country. This license is a legal document that certifies a building, or part of a building, as being suitable for occupancy and that it complies with the local regulations and standards set for habitability.

In the context of Spain, and specifically in regions like Valencia, this license is known as the “Cédula de Habitabilidad ” in Spanish, which is often translated as “Certificate of Habitation” or “Habitation Certificate.” It’s important to understand the role and requirements of this document:

Purpose of the License

  • Certifies Habitability : It confirms that a property meets minimum safety, health, and occupancy standards as defined by local laws.
  • Requirement for Utilities : It is often required for contracting utilities such as electricity, water, and gas.
  • Necessary for Property Transactions : The license is usually required for selling or renting out a property.

Key Features

  • Inspection : To obtain this license, a property usually must be inspected by a qualified professional, such as an architect or technical architect, who verifies that the property meets the required standards.
  • Validity Period : These licenses are valid for a certain number of years, after which they need to be renewed.
  • Legal Compliance : Having an up-to-date Occupation License is a legal requirement for property owners wishing to sell or rent their property.

Differences in Terminology

  • Different Terms, Same Concept : The terms “License of Occupation,” “Occupation License,” “Habitation Certificate,” and “Cédula de Habitabilidad ” can be used interchangeably, although the exact term might vary regionally.
  • Regional Variations : Building and occupancy regulations can differ significantly between regions and countries, so it’s important to understand the specific requirements in your area.

Obtaining the License

  • Application Process : The process involves submitting an application to the local municipal or regional authorities, along with required documentation such as proof of identity, property deeds, and a technical report.
  • Fees and Processing Time : There are fees associated with obtaining the license, and the processing time can vary.

It’s important for property owners to be aware of the legal requirements regarding the License of Occupation in their specific location, as failure to have a valid license when required can lead to legal and administrative complications, especially in transactions involving property sales or rentals.

What is the declaration responsible for second occupation ?

The ” statement second responsible _ occupation ” in Spain is a specific administrative document related to the use and occupancy of housing units. It’s particularly relevant when dealing with existing properties that have been previously occupied. Here’s a detailed explanation :

Definition and Purpose

  • Statement Responsible : Literally translated as “responsible declaration,” it’s a self-declaration document in which the property owner states that the property meets the necessary conditions for habitability and use as per the local regulations.
  • Second Occupation : This term means “second occupation.” In this context, it refers to properties that are not new and have been previously occupied or used.

Context and Usage

  • Used for Existing Properties : This declaration is typically used for properties that are being re-occupied, such as when a property is being sold, rented out, or if a new utility contract is needed.
  • Alternative to Habitation Certificate : In some cases, it can be an alternative to the “Cédula de Habitabilidad ” (Habitation Certificate) for existing properties, depending on the regional regulations.


  • Submission : The declaration is submitted to the local town hall ( City Hall ) or relevant municipal body.
  • Owner’s Responsibility : By submitting this document, the owner declares that the property complies with all the legal requirements for habitation without the need for a prior technical inspection.
  • Faster Process : This process can be faster than obtaining a traditional Habitation Certificate, as it often doesn’t require an inspection or the same level of bureaucratic processing.

Legal Implications

  • Legality and Compliance : The owner assumes legal responsibility for the accuracy of the declaration. If the property does not meet the standards, the owner can face legal consequences.
  • Utility Contracts : It’s often used for setting up utility services (like water and electricity) for the property.

Regional Variations

  • Different Across Regions : The requirements, process, and validity of this declaration can vary between different autonomous communities and municipalities in Spain.

Importance for Property Owners

  • Ease of Transactions : This declaration can simplify processes related to selling or renting older properties.
  • Verification of Compliance : It’s essential that the property actually meets the standards claimed in the declaration to avoid future legal issues.

In summary, the ” Responsible declaration for second occupation ” is a streamlined administrative process used in Spain, particularly for properties that have been previously occupied, to certify their suitability for continued occupancy. Property owners should ensure that their property genuinely meets all required standards before submitting this declaration.

Where to apply for the Occupation license in Marbella city

At the Marbella Town Hall. Click her to read more about

What is the Cadastral value in Marbella

 The ” Cadastral value” in Marbella is an assessed value assigned to a property by the local municipal government . It is used for various administrative and tax purposes. Understanding its specifics can help you navigate property-related fiscal responsibilities more effectively.

Definition and Purpose

  • Assessed Value : The cadastral value is an estimate of the property’s value, which is typically lower than the market value.
  • Basis for Taxes : This value is used as a basis for calculating local taxes such as the Tax about Estate Inmuebles (IBI), which is a local property tax, and for national taxes like the non-resident income tax on property.

How It’s Determined the Cadastral value in Marbella?

  • Property Characteristics : The cadastral value is calculated based on the size, location, and type of the property, as well as the cost of construction and land values in the area.
  • Regular Reassessment : It is periodically reassessed to reflect changes in the property market and other factors.

Importance for Property Owners in Marbella

  • Tax Calculation : Understanding the cadastral value of your property is important for calculating your tax obligations accurately.
  • Local Variations : The method of calculation and the frequency of reassessment can vary from one municipality to another.

Finding the Cadastral Value in Marbella

  • Property Tax Bills : The cadastral value is usually listed on your local property tax (IBI) bill.
  • Cadastro Office : You can also obtain it from the local Cadastro office or through their website.
  • Online Access : In many cases, property owners can access their property’s cadastral value online via the Spanish Cadastre website.

Impact on Property Transactions

  • Selling or Renting : While the cadastral value itself does not directly impact the selling or renting price, it’s a crucial figure for tax purposes.

Legal and Administrative Use

  • Regulatory Compliance : Ensuring that your property’s cadastral value is accurate and up-to-date is important for regulatory compliance.

Cadastral value in Marbella is a government-assessed value of a property that plays a crucial role in determining tax liabilities. It is a key figure for property owners to be aware of for accurate tax calculation and compliance with local regulations. If you’re unsure about the cadastral value of your property or how it affects your tax obligations, consulting with a local tax advisor or real estate expert can be beneficial.

What is the fiscal value in Marbella?

The “fiscal value” of a property in Marbella, Spain, is a value used by tax authorities to calculate various taxes related to property transactions. It’s an important concept in property taxation and can differ from other valuations like the market value or the cadastral value.

Definition and Purpose

  • Tax Calculations : The fiscal value is used primarily for tax purposes. It’s the value assigned to a property by the tax authorities to calculate taxes such as transfer tax ( Transmission Tax Patrimoniales , ITP), inheritance tax, and gift tax.
  • Basis for Assessments : This value serves as a basis for assessing the amount of tax due in transactions like buying, inheriting, or receiving a property as a gift.

How It’s Determined the Fiscal Value in Marbella?

  • Assessment Methods : The fiscal value is determined by the tax authorities and can be based on several factors, including the cadastral value, market trends, and property type.
  • Periodic Adjustments : Authorities may periodically adjust their assessment criteria to align with current market conditions.

Differences from Other Values

  • Market Value : The market value is what a property might realistically sell for under normal market conditions. The fiscal value es often lower than Este .
  • Cadastral Value : The cadastral value, used mainly for local taxes like IBI, is typically lower than the market value and can be different from the fiscal value as well.

Importance for Property Transactions

  • Buying or Selling : When buying or selling property, it’s crucial to be aware of the fiscal value, as it can affect the taxes you’ll need to pay.
  • Inheritances and Gifts : For inheritance or gift transactions, the fiscal value determines the tax liabilities of the beneficiary.

Finding the Fiscal Value

  • Tax Authority Consultation : The fiscal value can be obtained from the regional tax authority in Marbella or at the Cadastro official website
  • Tax Bills or Assessments : It’s often detailed in tax bills or assessments related to property transactions.

Legal and Administrative Implications

  • Tax Compliance : Accurately knowing the fiscal value of your property is essential for tax compliance.
  • Disputes and Appeals : If you disagree with the tax value assigned to your property, there are procedures to appeal or dispute it.

In summary, the fiscal value in Marbella is a valuation used by tax authorities for the calculation of taxes related to property transactions.

It plays a significant role in determining tax liabilities in situations like property purchases, inheritances, and gifts. This value may differ from the market or cadastral values, and understanding it is crucial for property owners and buyers to ensure proper tax compliance.

For specific assessments or disputes regarding the fiscal value, consulting with a tax advisor or legal professional is advisable.

How to obtain a building license in Marbella?

Obtaining a building license in Marbella, Spain, is a critical step in ensuring that any construction, renovation, or significant alteration to a property complies with local regulations and urban planning laws. Here’s a general guide on how to proceed:

  1. Determine the Type of License Required
  • Major Works : For significant construction such as new buildings, extensions, or major structural changes.
  • Minor Works : For smaller projects like minor renovations or repairs that don’t affect the structure or exterior appearance.
  1. Prepare the Necessary Documentation
  • Project Description : Detailed description of the planned work.
  • Technical Plans : Prepared by a qualified architect or engineer, including detailed drawings and specifications.
  • Property Ownership Documentation : Proof that you own the property or have permission from the owner.
  • Other Permits : Depending on the project, you might need additional permits, such as environmental impact assessments.
  1. Hire a Qualified Architect or Engineer
  • Professional assistance is typically required for preparing the technical documentation and ensuring compliance with local building codes and regulations.
  1. Submit Application to the Local Council ( Town Hall )
  • The application, along with all required documentation, must be submitted to the planning department of the local council in Marbella.
  • The submission process might differ slightly depending on the municipality and the scope of the project.
  1. The Town Hall in Marbella has generated a special service to help and guide citizens about their questions and information for building license:

  1. Pay the Application Fees
  • The cost of the license will depend on the type and scope of the project. There’s usually a fee for processing the application and additional fees based on the project’s budget or characteristics.

In Marbella, the ICIO “ Construction tax ” Works ” is the 3 % of the total amount of the construction (updated 2023).

  1. Wait for Approval
  • The time it takes to obtain approval can vary depending on the complexity of the project and the efficiency of the local council. It can range from a few weeks to several months.
  1. Receive Inspection and Approval
  • For major works, the project will likely be inspected at various stages, and final approval will be given upon completion, ensuring that the work complies with the approved plans.
  1. Comply with Regulations and Safety Standards
  • Ensure that all construction work complies with safety standards and local regulations.

Important Considerations

  • Urban Planning Laws : Be aware of the local urban planning laws (Plan General de Ordenación Urbana) which can affect what is permissible.
  • Historical Buildings : If the building is historic or in a protected area, there are likely to be additional restrictions and requirements.
  • Legal and Technical Advice : Given the complexity of building laws and regulations, seeking legal and technical advice is highly recommended.

After Completion

  • Final Certification : Upon completion, a final certification by the architect or engineer is typically required to confirm that the work complies with the approved plan.
  • Update the Cadastral Registry : After major works, you may need to update the property details in the Cadastral Registry.

Obtaining a building license in Marbella requires careful planning and adherence to local regulations. Professional guidance from an architect, engineer, or legal expert can help navigate this process, ensuring that all legal and technical requirements are met.

Where to apply for the building license in Marbella?

Ayuntamiento de Marbella

Ayuntamiento de Estepona

You may obtain the process online:

Ayuntamiento de Manilva

You may obtain the process online:

Download our complete guide on construction process in Spain

  • How to buy a plot to build your own house or villa?

  • What the builder does?

  • Who is the promoter?

  • What is rustic land?

  • Building guaranties?

  • Ten year’s insurance?.

Get all these answers from experienced lawyers in Spanish Construction law.

Download our guide:

Water, electric and gas suppliers in Marbella city, San Pedro de Alcántara, Coín, Estepona and Manilva

Water Suppliers

  1. Aqualia: Aqualia is a prominent water utility company that provides water supply and sanitation services in various regions of Spain, including some areas within Marbella and Estepona.
  2. Hidralia: Hidralia is another water utility company that operates in several municipalities, including parts of Marbella and San Pedro de Alcántara.
  3. EMAÚS: EMAÚS is a water utility company that serves the town of Coín.
  4. Manilva Water Company: Manilva has its own municipal water company that manages water services within the municipality.
  5. Consorcio de Aguas Costa del Sol Occidental: This consortium manages water services in some areas of Estepona and surrounding municipalities.

Please note that the water supplier can vary even within the same municipality, so it’s essential to check with the local authorities or your property management company to determine the specific water supplier for your location.

Electricity Suppliers

  1. Endesa: Endesa is one of the largest electricity providers in Spain and serves many areas in Marbella, Estepona, San Pedro de Alcántara, and Manilva.
  2. Iberdrola: Iberdrola is another major electricity company that operates in various regions in Spain, including parts of the Costa del Sol.
  3. Naturgy (formerly Gas Natural Fenosa): Naturgy is an electricity and gas provider that serves several areas in southern Spain, including parts of Marbella and Estepona.
  4. Viesgo: Viesgo is an electricity provider that operates in some regions of Spain and may serve specific areas within the Costa del Sol.

Gas Suppliers

  1. Naturgy (formerly Gas Natural Fenosa): Naturgy provides natural gas services in several regions of Spain, including parts of Marbella, Estepona, and San Pedro de Alcántara.
  2. Repsol: Repsol is another gas provider that serves some areas in southern Spain, including the Costa del Sol region.

 Can I have solar panels in my house or villa in Marbella?

Yes, you can install solar panels on your house in Marbella, Spain. The Spanish government supports renewable energy and has implemented policies to encourage the use of solar energy. However, there are certain regulations and procedures you need to follow:

  1. Check Local Regulations
  • Municipal Rules : Each municipality may have specific regulations or requirements for solar panel installations. Check with the local town hall ( City Hall ) in Marbella for any specific requirements or restrictions.
  1. Obtain Necessary Permits
  • Building Permit : For installing solar panels, especially if structural changes to the building are required, you may need a building permit ( license of works ) from the local council.
  • Electrical Installation Permit : If the system is connected to the public electricity grid, this permit ensures that the installation meets safety standards.
  1. Choose the Type of Solar Panel System
  • Grid-Connected Systems : These systems are connected to the public electricity grid. Excess energy can be fed into the grid, and you may receive compensation under Spain’s net metering scheme.
  • Off-Grid Systems : These systems are not connected to the electricity grid and typically require battery storage.
  1. Hire a Qualified Professional
  • Engage a certified installer to ensure your solar panel system is installed correctly and complies with all regulations.

Notify _ the Electricity Company

  • If your system is connected to the grid, inform your electricity provider about the installation.

Register _ the Installation

  • Register your solar panel system with the regional government and the national registry of electrical installations.

Consider Incentives and Rebates

  • Spain offers various incentives for renewable energy installations, including solar panels. check for any available grants , taxes benefits , or rebates.

Maintenance and Insurance

  • Regular maintenance is necessary to ensure efficiency. Additionally, consider updating your home insurance to cover the solar panels.

Environmental and Energy Efficiency Certificates

  • Installing solar panels can improve the energy efficiency rating of your home and may be required for certain environmental certifications.

Community of owners

If you live in a community of owners  (like an apartment building), you’ll need the community’s approval for installations on common areas.

Guide of Solar Pannels installation from Marbella Town Hall

Here you can find a list of the requirements and process to install solar panels on your property or Villa in Marbella:

Self-Consumption of Energy book in Andalucia region in English (updated 2023)

Andalucía Region  details the process of self-consumption installation  procedure (updated October 2023).

  • Click here to download the English (non official) translated version:

What are the requirements to install a septic tank in my house or villa in Marbella?

Installing a septic tank in Marbella, Spain, requires adhering to specific regulations to ensure environmental safety and proper waste management. Here’s a general guide on the requirements and steps you should consider:

  1. Check Local Regulations and Zoning Laws
  • Municipal Approval : Your first step should be to consult with the local municipality ( City Hall ) in Marbella to understand the specific regulations and requirements for septic tank installation.
  • Zoning Restrictions : Certain areas, especially those close to water bodies or in urban areas, may have restrictions on septic tank installations.
  1. Get Necessary Permits
  • Building and Environmental Permits : You will likely need a building permit and an environmental permit. The latter is particularly important to ensure that your septic system does not negatively impact the environment.
  1. Hire a Qualified Professional
  • Septic tank installation should be done by a qualified and licensed professional who understands the local regulations and can ensure that the system is designed and installed correctly.

Septic  Tank Design and Size

  • Capacity and Design : The size and design of the septic tank should be appropriate for the size of your household and the soil absorption capacity of your property.
  • Technical Assessment : A technical assessment might be necessary to determine the best system for your needs and conditions.

Environmental Considerations

  • Soil Percolation Test : This test assesses the soil’s ability to absorb and filter waste. It’s a critical factor in determining the suitability of your property for a septic tank.
  • Protection of Water Sources : Ensure the septic tank is installed at a safe distance from any wells, water bodies, or watercourses to prevent contamination.

Installation by Certified Personnel

  • The installation should be carried out by certified personnel to ensure it complies with health and environmental standards.

Regular Maintenance and Inspection

  • Regular maintenance is required to keep the septic tank functioning properly and to prevent environmental contamination.
  • Periodic inspections may be required by local regulations.

Documentation and Records

  • Keep all documentation, permits, and records of maintenance and inspections. This is important for both legal compliance and future property transactions.

Community regulations

  • If your property is part of a community of owners, you might need approval from the community for such installations.

Consider Modern Alternatives

  • Investigate modern, environmentally friendly septic systems that may offer better efficiency and reduced environmental impact.

Important Considerations

  • Compliance with Regulations : Non-compliance with the necessary environmental and building regulations can lead to legal issues and purposes.
  • Professional Advice : Due to the complexity of environmental and health standards, consulting with an expert in wastewater management is highly recommended.

In summary, installing a septic tank in Marbella requires careful planning, adherence to local regulations, professional installation, and ongoing maintenance. It’s crucial to ensure that the system does not harm the environment or pose a health risk to the community.

Can I have pets, cats or dogs in my Marbella house/villa?

General Aspects

In Marbella, Spain, as in many other cities, keeping pets like cats and dogs in an apartment is generally allowed, but there are certain considerations and rules you should be aware of:

Rental _ Agreement Clauses

If you’re renting, check your lease agreement. Some landlords may include clauses that restrict pet ownership or require additional deposits for pets.

Community of Owners ‘ Rules

If the apartment is part of a community of owners ( community of owners ), there may be community rules or bylaws regarding pets. Some communities may have restrictions on the number, size, or type of pets allowed.

Local Ordinances

Familiarize yourself with local ordinances in Marbella regarding pet ownership. These may include rules about registering your pet, vaccination requirements, and leash laws in public spaces.

In Marbella city ordinances about pets and domestic animals is condensed in a normative which you may have access at the following link:

Responsible Pet Ownership

  • Ensure your pets are well-trained and do not cause disturbances like excessive noise, which could bother neighbors.
  • Maintain cleanliness to avoid issues such as odors or infestations.

Health and Safety

  • Keep your pets healthy and up-to-date with vaccinations. Regular vet check-ups are important.
  • Ensure pets are not a safety hazard to neighbors, especially in common areas.

Balcony Safety

If you have a balcony, ensure it’s safe for pets to prevent falls or escape attempts.

Pets _ Hygiene

Regular grooming and cleaning can help manage pet hair or allergens, which is especially important in shared living spaces.

Size of the Apartment

Consider the size of your pet relative to the size of your apartment. Larger breeds of dogs, for instance, may require more space and exercise.

Noise _ Consideration

Train your pets to minimize excessive barking or noise, as this can be a significant disturbance in apartment settings.

Vet Access

Having access to a local vet or pet care services in Marbella is important for the health and well-being of your pets.

In summary, while having pets like cats and dogs in an apartment in Marbella is generally permissible, it’s important to check any specific rules or restrictions in your lease or community bylaws, and to practice responsible pet ownership. This ensures a harmonious living environment for you, your pets, and your neighbors.

Regulations by cities

Marbella city
  • Click here to download the normative in Spanish (official version)

Can I have horses in my cortijo-villa in Marbella?

General Aspects

Keeping horses at your home in Marbella, Spain, is subject to specific conditions and regulations, primarily due to the space and care requirements of these animals. Here’s what you need to consider:

Zoning Regulations

  • Rural vs. Urban Areas : Typically, keeping horses is feasible in rural or semi-rural areas where zoning laws permit livestock. In urban areas, it’s generally not allowed due to space constraints and local regulations.
  • Check Local Laws : Consult with the local municipality ( City Hall ) in Marbella to understand zoning laws and whether your property is situated in an area where keeping horses is permitted.

Land and Space _ requirements

  • Horses require significant space for their health and well-being. You need enough land not only for stabling but also for exercise and grazing.
  • The land should be properly fenced to ensure the safety of the horses.

Stable and Shelter

  • You’ll need proper stabling facilities that provide adequate shelter, ventilation, and space for the horses.
  • Regular maintenance of the stable to ensure cleanliness and hygiene is crucial.

Veterinary Care

Access to veterinary care is essential. Regular check-ups, vaccinations, and emergency care should be readily available.

Food and Water

Ensure a consistent supply of quality food and fresh water. Horses require a well-balanced diet and plenty of water for their health.

Exercise and Social Needs

  • Regular exercise is crucial for horses. Adequate space for riding or grazing is necessary.
  • Horses are social animals, so consider their social needs, whether it’s through keeping more than one horse or ensuring they have social interactions in other ways.

Manure Management

Effective manure management is important to prevent odors and maintain hygiene. This includes regular cleaning of stables and proper disposal of manure.

Legal Requirements

There might be specific legal requirements regarding the registration and identification of horses, as well as adherence to animal welfare laws.

Neighborhood Impact

Consider the impact on your neighbors, especially in terms of noise, smell, and overall animal management.

Insurance _

Liability insurance can be crucial when owning large animals like horses, as it protects you in case of accidents or injuries.


  • Feasibility : Keeping horses at home in Marbella is more feasible in rural areas with sufficient land and appropriate facilities.
  • Regulations and Care : You must adhere to local regulations and ensure you can provide the necessary care and environment for the horses.

 Which are the requirements to get horses in my rustic land in Marbella?

 Getting horses activity in Andalucia is regulated by the following main laws:

  1. Regionals

–         Orden de 29 de abril de 2015, por la que se regula la ordenación zootécnica, las condiciones de bienestar animal, sanitarias y de movimiento de los équidos y de las explotaciones equinas, y su inscripción en el Registro de Explotaciones Ganaderas de Andalucía.

–         DECRETO 14/2006, de 18 de enero, por el que se crea y regula el Registro de Explotaciones Ganaderas de Andalucía.

  1. b) National

–        Real Decreto 804/2011, de 10 de junio, por el que se regula la ordenación zootécnica, sanitaria y de bienestar animal de las explotaciones equinas y se establece el plan sanitario equino.

 The above mentioned normative regulates the following:

 1.- Registration of the equestrian farm at the REGA

 All livestock and equestrian farms located in the territorial area of the Autonomous Community of Andalusia must be registered in the Registry of Livestock Farms of Andalusia (Registro de Explotaciones Ganaderas de Andalucía – REGA), , and must also be registered in the official database of the “Integrated Livestock Management System of Andalusia” (Sistema Integrado de Gestión Ganadera de Andalucía” – SIGGAN).

2.- Identification code of the Fam (“Código de Identificación de la Explotación”)

Andalucia Government will proceed to assign each exploitation an identification code, which guarantees its unique identification. The structure of said code will be: 

  • “ES” that identifies Spain.
  • Two digits that identify the province, according to the coding of the National Institute of Statistics.
  • Three digits that identify the municipality, according to the coding of the National Institute of Statistics.
  • Seven digits that uniquely identify the exploitation within the municipality

 3.- Location and requirements of the Farm

 The requirements that farms must meet:

  1. a) Maintain the sanitary distance required by law according to the species, with respect to other livestock farms, as well as establishments, facilities, towns, roads and paths that may constitute a source of contagion.
  2. b) Have means of production that guarantee the maintenance of an adequate hygienic and sanitary level of the farm and allow cleaning, disinfection, disinfestation and deratization practices to be carried out effectively.
  3. c) Constructions, equipment and materials must not be harmful to animals and must be in accordance with the physiological and ethological needs of each species.
  4. d) Observe the requirements established in the current regulations on animal welfare.
  5. e) Have a lazaret or adequate means for the observation and sequestration of sick animals or animals suspected of contagious diseases.
  6. f) Intensive farms and the accommodation of extensive farms must be isolated, in such a way that the free access of people, animals and vehicles is limited and regulated sanitarily.
  7. g) Be located in a fenced and delimited area. The extensive farms will also have parks or facilities for the capture of all animals on the farm.
  8. h) Have adequate facilities and equipment at its entrances that ensure effective cleaning and disinfection of the wheels of the vehicles and the shoes of visitors.
  9. i) Have adequate means for the handling of animals, which facilitate the performance of health tests and any other inspection work, with due safety guarantees for both the animals that are the subject of those tests and for the personnel who carry them out.
  10. j) The loading and unloading of animals must be carried out with sufficient health and animal welfare guarantees.
  11. k) The management of solid and liquid excrement is will adapt to the provisions of current regulations and those established for each species for this purpose. In case of not be explicitly included in this, intensive farms will count as a minimum:
  •  With PONDS

With ponds, which must be duly fenced around their entire perimeter, whose vessel is waterproofed artificially, excavated from the ground level with a maximum depth of 2.5 meters, maintaining, in any case, a minimum safety distance of 50 centimeters between the surface of the effluent sheet and the edge of the pond.

The minimum authorized capacity of the pond must be sufficient to store the solid and liquid excrement produced for three months, and will have a maximum of 4,000 cubic meters.

The authorization of the installation of the pond or expansion of the existing one will be linked to the authorization of the exploitation by the Provincial Delegation of the Ministry competent in matters of livestock, and the interested party must present the corresponding construction project.

The existence of ponds for collecting excrement, on a livestock farm, will mean registration in the computerized database called the Integrated Livestock Management System (SIGGAN), in the structure data of the farm exploitation, indicating the number of ponds and their capacity in cubic meters.

  • With a Livestock Waste Management Plan approved by the Provincial Delegation of the Ministry competent in livestock matters.

The content of said Plan will be developed according to regulations.

Owners of livestock farms must prove, where applicable, the availability of surface area sufficient agricultural area for its valorization as organic-mineral fertilizer, respecting the minimum distance in its distribution of 500 meters with respect to the urban nuclei.

In relation to water courses, it will be governed by the provisions of the Hydraulic Public Domain Regulations approved by Royal Decree 849/1986, of April 11, and the provisions of the different basin hydrological plans.

  1. l) Appropriate measures will be adopted to guarantee the elimination or destruction of animal carcasses and other by-products of the exploitation in accordance with current regulations.

Owners of livestock farms must prove, where applicable, the availability of surface area and sufficient agricultural area for its valorization as organic-mineral fertilizer, respecting the minimum distance in its distribution of 500 meters with respect to the urban nuclei.

In relation to water courses, it will be governed by the provisions of the Hydraulic Public Domain Regulations approved by Royal Decree 849/1986, of April 11, and the provisions of the different basin hydrological plans.

  1. l) Appropriate measures will be adopted to guarantee the elimination or destruction of animal carcasses and other by-products of the exploitation in accordance with current regulations.

Before proceeding, it’s advisable to conduct thorough investigation and possibly consult with local authorities, equestrian experts, and veterinarians to ensure that you can meet all the requirements and provide a suitable environment for keeping horses.

How many horses can I have privately in my property in Malaga /Andalucia?

The Andalucian law Orden de 29 de abril de 2015, considers the type of equestrian farms to those  listed at the : Anexo I del Real Decreto 804/2011, de 10 de junio, which expressly identifies the following: Non-commercial exploitation: Exploitation dedicated to the maintenance of Equidae by an individual, without immediate business or commercial purpose, without prejudice to the fact that they will be treated as commercial exploitations as long as they exceed 5 UGM (UGM = More than 12 months horse)

So, taking this into account, out of local normative which could restrict the horse possession at the farm, in Andalucia is allowed to get up to 5 horses as individual and non-commercial exploitation basis.

Buying a house-villa in Marbella

General tips and recommendations

Buying a house in Marbella, Spain, can be a straightforward process, but it’s important to be aware of the legalities to ensure a smooth transaction. Here are some key legal tips to consider when purchasing a property in Marbella:

Hire a local Marbellan qualified Lawyer 

A local lawyer familiar with Spanish property law can guide you through the process, handle legal checks, and ensure that all documents are in order.

Check the Property’s Legal Status – Legal Searches

  • Ensure the property is free of debts, charges, or liens. This includes checking the Land Registry (Registro de la Propiedad) for any encumbrances or mortgages on the property.
  • Verify that the property has all necessary permits and is registered correctly.

Review the Property’s Building Specifications

If buying a new build or a property under construction, check the builder’s or developer’s credentials and the building specifications.

Ensure Urban Compliance

Confirm that the property complies with local urban planning laws. This is especially important for rural properties, where there can be restrictions.

Secure a Mortgage Pre-Approval

If you need financing, secure a mortgage pre-approval before committing to a purchase. Be aware of the terms, conditions, and associated costs.

Review and Understand All Contracts

Thoroughly review the purchase contract (contrato de compraventa) before signing. It should detail the sale conditions, property description, purchase price, and payment terms.

Pay Attention to the Deposit Agreement

  • A deposit agreement (contrato de arras) is typically signed before the final purchase. Understand the terms, as this contract usually involves a non-refundable deposit.

Arrange for a Property Survey

Consider having a property survey done to check for structural issues, especially for older properties.

Plan for Additional Costs

  • Taxes
  • Notary and land registry fees
  • Lawyer’s fees
  • Real estate agent fees
  • NIEs
  • Power of attorney
  • Renovation of Certificate of habitation, etc.

Purchase Title Insurance

While not mandatory, title insurance can provide additional security against any unforeseen legal issues.

Completion and Registration

  • The purchase is completed when the public deed (escritura pública) is signed in front of a notary, and the balance of the purchase price is paid.
  • Register the deed with the local Land Registry.

NIE Number

If you’re a non-resident, ensure you have a Spanish identification number for foreigners (Número de Identificación de Extranjero or NIE) which is required for property transactions in Spain.


After purchasing, make sure to change utilities and services into your name and set up local tax payments.

Cultural and Linguistic Considerations

If you’re not fluent in Spanish, it’s advisable to have all documents translated to ensure full understanding.

Expenses and taxes when buying a house/villa in Marbella 

Buying a New Build Property (Obra Nueva)
  • VAT (IVA): For new properties, you’ll need to pay VAT, which is typically 10% of the purchase price.
  • Stamp Duty (Actos Jurídicos Documentados – AJD)
    • General Type :  1.2%
    • Reduced rates
      • Transfer of property intended for habitual residence, if its value does not exceed 150,000 euros: 1%.
      • Transfer of a property whose value does not exceed 150,000 euros when it is intended for the habitual residence of the purchaser and he is under 35 years of age, a victim of domestic violence, a victim of terrorism or is acquired in a municipality with a depopulation problem*: 0.3 %.
      • Transfer of a property intended for habitual residence whose value does not exceed 250,000 euros, when the purchaser is legally considered a person with a disability to a degree equal to or greater than 33%, or considered a member of a large family (and the property is intended to habitual residence of said family): 0.1%.
  • Notary Fees: These fees are for the notarization of the deed and can vary based on the property price.
  • Property Registry Fees: To register the property in your name, which also varies according to the property value.
  • Legal Fees: If you hire a lawyer, expect to pay around 1-2% of the purchase price for legal services.
  • Bank Fees: If you’re taking out a mortgage, there may be associated bank fees, including mortgage opening fees.
  • Others:Power of attorney, NIEs, connections of water and electric, etc.
Buying a Resale Property (“Segunda Mano”)
  • Transfer Tax (Impuesto de Transmisiones Patrimoniales – ITP): Tipo General:  7%.
  • Reduced Rates:
    •  Transfer of property intended for habitual residence, if its value does not exceed 150,000 euros: 6%.
    • Transfer of a property whose value does not exceed 150,000 euros when it is intended for the habitual residence of the purchaser and he is under 35 years of age, a victim of domestic violence, a victim of terrorism or is acquired in a municipality with a depopulation problem: 3.5% .
    • Transfer of a property intended for habitual residence, whose value does not exceed 250,000 euros, when the purchaser is legally considered a person with a disability to a degree equal to or greater than 33%, or considered a member of a large family (and the property is intended for the habitual residence of said family): 3.5%.

Other expenses: 

  1. Notary Fees: As with new builds, these fees depend on the price of the property.
  2. Property Registry Fees: To register the change of ownership.
  3. Legal Fees: Legal assistance will incur fees, similar to those in new property purchases.
  4. Bank Fees: Similar mortgage-related fees if you’re financing the purchase.
  5. Others:Power of attorney, NIEs, connections of water and electric, etc.

Common Expenses in Both Cases

  • Valuation Cost: If you’re getting a mortgage, the bank will require a property valuation, which typically costs a few hundred euros.
  • Real Estate Agent Fees: If you use an agent, their fees are usually paid by the seller, but this can vary.
  • Additional Costs: Depending on the condition of the property, you might also need to budget for renovations or improvements.

Important Tips

  • Budgeting: It’s wise to budget around 10-15% of the purchase price for these additional costs, though the exact amount will vary.
  • Legal and Financial Advice: Given the complexity and variations in fees and taxes, it’s advisable to seek professional advice from a lawyer and/or financial advisor who is familiar with the property market in Marbella.

Download our ultimate and complete guide How to Buy in Spain

Buying property in Spain involves various legal steps and checks. Having expert guidance from a local real estate lawyer can greatly facilitate this process and help avoid common pitfalls. Remember, every property and transaction is unique, so tailored advice is crucial.

Click in the link to obtain our Guide on How to Buy a property in Spain

When buying a property in Marbella, Spain, there are various expenses that you will need to consider. These expenses can differ slightly depending on whether the property is a new build (obra nueva) or a resale (segunda mano). Here’s an overview of the costs you might expect in each case.

Calculator or costs, taxes and expenses when buying a house in Marbella – Mortgage expenses also!

Click here to get access to our updated Calculator for buying a house in Spain + Mortgage expenses

Owning a house in Marbella – Taxes, maintenance, and costs

Taxes and expenses to own a house in Marbella

Sure, here is an updated overview of the taxes and maintenance costs of a house in Marbella, including wealth tax and tax on the rent of properties:

  • IBI ( Tax about Estate Real Estate )

This is the municipal property tax, which is based on the cadastral value of the property. The cadastral value is an official valuation of the property that is set by the local government. The IBI tax rate is typically between 0.4% and 1.1% of the cadastral value.

  • Income Tax on the Income of Physical Persons )

This is the personal income tax, which is charged on the income from owning a property. The income from owning a property is calculated as 2% of the cadastral value of the property, or 1.1% if the cadastral value has been revised since January 1, 1994. The IRPF tax rate es typically between 19% and 24%.

  • Municipal Plusvalía (Tax on the Increase in the Value of Urban Land)

This is a local tax that es charged on the increase in the value of a property overtime . The tax rate is typically between 4% and 11% of the increase in value.

  • Wealth Tax on  Marbella Assets

This is a wealth tax that is charged on the value of an individual’s assets, including property. The tax rate is progressive, meaning that the tax rate increases as the value of an individual’s assets increases.

In 2023, the Wealth tax in the whole Andalucía is abolished. So, there is not any Wealth Tax to pay.

  • Property rental ( Tax _ about the Estate Real Estate )

This is a tax that is charged on the rent of properties. The tax rate is typically between 0.5% and 1% of the rental income.

Maintenance costs

  • Community fees: If you live in an apartment building, you will be required to pay community fees. These fees cover the cost of maintaining the common areas of the building, such as the garden, pool, and elevator. The amount of community fees varies depending on the size and amenities of the building.
  • Utilities : You will also need to pay for utilities, such as electricity, water, and gas. The cost of utilities vary depending on your usage .
  • Insurance: It is also advisable to have insurance for your property. This will protect you from financial losses in the event of damage to your property or if you are injured for personal injury.
  • Tax on repairs: When you need to repair or renovate your property, you will also need to pay taxes on the cost of the repairs. These taxes are typically between 8% and 10% of the cost of the repairs.


Here is an example of the estimated taxes and maintenance costs for a typical house in Marbella:

  • IBI: €500 per year
  • Personal income tax: €200 per year
  • Municipal capital gains: €1,000 per year
  • Assets: €300 per year
  • Property rental: €2,000 per year
  • Community fees: €100 per month
  • Utilities : €100 per month
  • Insurance : €50 per year
  • tax on repairs : €500 per year

This is just an example, and your actual costs may be higher or lower depending on your individual circumstances. It is important to do your research and get quotes from different providers before buying a house in Marbella.

What is the Income Tax in Marbella and how to pay

Paying your income tax in Marbella, Spain, generally involves several steps that are similar to the tax payment process in other parts of the country. Here’s a basic overview of the process :

  1. Determine Your Tax Obligation : First, you need to determine if you are required to file a tax return in Spain. This usually depends on your residency status and your income level. As a resident in Spain, you are typically taxed on your worldwide income. Non- residents are taxed only on their Spanish income .
  2. Gather Necessary Documents : Collect all necessary documents, including your income statements, details of any deductions or credits you’re eligible for, and your identification (such as your NIE – Numero de Identidad de Extranjero ).
  3. Use the Tax Agency’s Online Services : The Agency Tributaria (Spanish Tax Agency) provides an online system called Renta WEB for filing tax returns. You can access this system through the Agency Tributaria’s website. It’s available for both residents and non- residents.

Tax offices in Marbella área

You can also get direct advice about your income tax in any of the offices for income tax at the Marbella province:

  • Calle Rotonda del Arco, 9 (frente a piscina municipal). 29500, Álora, Marbella (Andalucía)
  • Teléfono: 95 249 72 00
  • Calle Laguna 3. 29200, Antequera, Marbella (Andalucía)
  • Teléfono: 95 284 17 11
  • Avenida Jacinto Benavente, 27. 29601, Marbella, Marbella (Andalucía)
  • Teléfono: 95 282 49 94
  • Calle Granada, 62. 29400, Ronda, Marbella (Andalucía)
  • Teléfono: 95 287 48 28
  • Calle Romero Pozo, 4. 29700, Vélez, Marbella (Andalucía)
  • Teléfono: 95 250 30 00
  • Calle Cruz, 18. 29620, Torremolinos, Marbella (Andalucía)
  • Teléfono: 95 238 05 11
  1. Filing Your Tax Return : The tax year in Spain runs from January 1st to December 31st, and tax returns are generally filed between April and June of the following year. You can file your tax return online using the Renta WEB service. If you’re not comfortable doing it yourself, you might consider hiring a tax advisor.
  2. Payment : If you owe tax, you can pay it directly through the Renta WEB service. Payments can be made via direct debit from a Spanish bank account, credit or debit card, or other online payment methods.
  3. Automatic Drafts : For residents, the tax agency may provide an automatic draft of the tax return based on the data they have. This draft can be modified if needed and then submitted.
  4. Keep Records : After filing, keep a copy of your tax return and the confirmation of submission and payment for your records.
  5. Deadlines and Penalties : Be aware of the filing and payment deadlines. Late filing or payment can result in penalties .
  6. Ask for a tax lawyer. If you are not fluent in Spanish or are unfamiliar with the Spanish tax system, it is advisable to seek assistance from a tax lawyer. They can help ensure that your tax return is completed accurately and that you take advantage of any applicable deductions and credits. Additionally, tax laws and procedures can change, so it’s important to have the most current information.

Download our complete guide about Tax system in Spain

Full report and understanding on Income Tax, Corporate tax, and general concepts

  • Am I resident or non resident in Spain?

  • Tax obligations and rights

  • Tax to pay in case of rent?

  • Corporate tax?.

Click here to download our complete Guide on Tax Spanish System

Marbella Income Tax Calculator

Would you like to get a FREE and NO COST income tax calculator in Marbella? , just visit our Spanish Tax Calculator site, where you will different Calculators where you will get simulation in taxes as:

  1. Taxes on property rent in Marbella
  2. How much tax to pay in pensions in Marbella?
  3. What are the costs when buying a house in Marbella
  4. What are the cost, taxes and expenses to pay when selling a house in Marbella?

Just click here, and get your tax information FREE and with NO COST:

Selling a house/villa in Marbella 

How much taxes to pay when selling a house in Marbella?

When selling a house in Marbella, Spain, there are several costs and taxes that you need to consider. These costs can vary depending on various factors such as the value of the property, your residency status, and how long you have owned the property. Here are the key expenses:

Plusvalía (Local Capital Gains Tax)

This is a tax on the increase in the value of the land from the time you bought the property until you sell it. The amount depends on the location of the property, the period of ownership, and the increase in the value of the land. Each local council has its own rates and method of calculation.

Capital Gains Tax  

If you’re a resident in Spain and selling a property that is not your main home, you’re subject to capital gains tax on the profit (difference between the purchase price and the selling price). The rates can vary, typically ranging from 19% to 23%. However, there are exemptions and reductions in certain cases, like if you’re over 65 and have lived in the home for a certain period.

Income Tax for Non-Residents (IRNR)

If you are a non-resident, you’ll pay a flat rate of 19% (for EU citizens) or 24% (for non-EU citizens) on the profit.

Real Estate Agent Fees

If you use a real estate agent, expect to pay a commission. This varies but typically ranges from 3% to 5% of the selling price, plus VAT (VAT).

Notary and Property Registry Fees

These are smaller costs for the legal paperwork involved in the transaction. They can vary depending on the complexity of the sale and the value of the property.

Lawyer and Solicitor Fees

If you hire a lawyer, their fees will depend on the services provided and the complexity of the sale.

Mortgage Cancellation Fees

If there’s a mortgage on the property, there will be fees associated with canceling it.

Energy Performance Certificate (EPC)

You are required to have an EPC when selling a property in Spain. The cost for obtaining this certificate depends on the property size but is generally not a significant expense.

Renovation of the Certificate of habitation

We recall that you should provide to the buyers the confirmation that your property has the legal habitable conditions and that it fulfils with the local and regional laws. For this reason, in Marbella region you would need to obtain a renewed Certificate of habitation to the eventual buyers of your property.

Updating constructions on your property

Specially when you have made reforms or extensions on your property, you will need to provide to eventual buyers that these works have been covered by the proper building license, and that they are updated at the land registry and the Catastral office.

Other Possible Costs 

Depending on the specifics of the transaction, there might be other costs to consider, such as community fees if the property is part of a community of owners.

It’s important to calculate these costs in advance to understand how they will affect your net proceeds from the sale. Also, tax laws can change, and personal circumstances can affect tax liabilities, so it’s often advisable to seek advice from a tax consultant or a real estate lawyer.

Download our Complete and Ultimate Guide on How to Sell a property in Spain

Steps to follow in the sale process. Capital Gains calculation, expenses, commissions, fees, is essential at the very beginning of the process.

Download here

Marbella Tax on the Sale Calculator  

Would you like to get a FREE and NO COST income tax calculator in Marbella? , just visit our Spanish Tax Calculator site, where you will different Calculators where you will get simulation in taxes as:

  1. Taxes on property rent in Marbella

  2. How much tax to pay in pensions in Marbella?

  3. What are the costs when buying a house in Marbella

  4. What are the cost, taxes and expenses to pay when selling a house in Marbella?

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Renting a house/villa in Marbella

Which are the best areas for rent in Marbella?

The “best” area for renting in Marbella can depend on your specific preferences, needs, and budget. Here are some popular and desirable areas for renting in Marbella:

  1. Marbella’s Golden Mile: This is one of the most prestigious and sought-after areas in Marbella. It stretches along the Mediterranean coast and features luxurious beachfront properties, upscale resorts, and fine dining establishments.
  2. Puerto Banús: Located just west of Marbella’s city center, Puerto Banús is famous for its glamorous marina, high-end shopping, and vibrant nightlife. It’s a popular choice for those looking for a lively and fashionable atmosphere.
  3. Nueva Andalucía: This residential area, situated inland from Puerto Banús, offers a mix of apartments, townhouses, and villas. It’s known for its proximity to golf courses and various amenities.
  4. Marbella East: The eastern part of Marbella is known for its family-friendly neighborhoods, beautiful beaches, and quieter ambiance. Areas like El Rosario and Las Chapas offer a more relaxed lifestyle.
  5. Marbella Old Town (Casco Antiguo): If you’re interested in historic charm, the Old Town of Marbella is filled with narrow streets, quaint plazas, and traditional Spanish architecture. It’s ideal for those who appreciate the town’s cultural heritage.
  6. Guadalmina: Located near San Pedro de Alcántara, Guadalmina is a peaceful residential area known for its golf courses and beach access. It offers a mix of property types, including villas and apartments.
  7. Sierra Blanca: This exclusive gated community in the hills above Marbella offers stunning views of the coast and a high level of security and privacy. It’s home to some of the city’s most luxurious properties.
  8. La Virginia: A charming and picturesque area within Marbella’s city limits, La Virginia is known for its Andalusian-style houses, cobblestone streets, and beautiful gardens.
  9. Rio Real: Located to the east of Marbella, Rio Real is known for its golf course and upscale residential developments. It offers a quieter setting while remaining close to the city center.
  10. Elviria: Elviria is a family-friendly area with a mix of properties, including villas, townhouses, and apartments. It has a relaxed vibe and offers easy access to the beach and amenities.

Which are the most rented areas in Marbella by Airbnb (2023)?

There are certain areas in Marbella, Spain, that tend to be particularly popular for Airbnb rentals. The popularity of these areas is often influenced by factors such as proximity to tourist attractions, beaches, restaurants, and the overall charm of the neighborhood.

Here are is the list (by volume)  of the most rented areas in Marbella for Airbnb as of 2023:

  1. Puerto Banús
  2. Golden Mile
  3. Marbella Old Town:
  4. Elviria
  5. Nueva Andalucía

Average of rental prices in Marbella city in 2023?

Here is a breakdown of the average monthly rental prices for different types of properties in Marbella in 2023:

  • Studio: €600-€800
  • One-bedroom apartment: €800-€1,200
  • Two-bedroom apartment: €1,200-€1,800
  • Three-bedroom apartment: €1,800-€2,500
  • Villa: €3,000-€10,000

Please note that these are just averages, and actual rental prices may vary depending on a number of factors, such as the location, size, and amenities of the property.

Here is a table of average rental prices in Marbella zones in 2023:

Area Studio One-bedroom Two-bedroom Three-bedroom Villa
Puerto Banús €700 €1,000 €1,500 €2,000 €5,000
Golden Mile €650 €900 €1,300 €1,800 €4,000
Marbella Old Town €550 €750 €1,100 €1,500 €3,000
Elviria €600 €800 €1,200 €1,600 €3,500
Nueva Andalucía €650 €900 €1,300 €1,700 €4,000

Here are some additional factors that can affect rental costs in Marbella city:

  • Location: Properties in the city center tend to be more expensive than properties in the suburbs.
  • Amenities: Properties with amenities such as a swimming pool, gym, or parking garage will be more expensive than properties without these amenities.
  • Time of year: Rental prices tend to be higher during the peak tourist season (June-September).

What are the costs for renting a house/villa in Marbella?

When renting out your house in Marbella, there are several costs and taxes that you, as a landlord, need to be aware of. These costs can vary depending on your specific situation, the property, and the rental agreement. Here’s a breakdown of the main expenses and taxes :


  1. Income tax on Rental Earnings (Personal Income Tax – IRPF) : Rental income es taxable in Spain. If you are a resident, this income must be declared as part of your annual income tax return. The tax rate depends on your total income bracket, which can range from 19% to 45%. Non-residents are taxed at a flat rate of 19% for EU/EEA citizens and 24% for non-EU/EEA citizens.
  2. Deductible Expenses : As a landlord, you can deduct certain expenses related to the rental property from your rental income before taxation. These include mortgage interest, local taxes (IBI), community fees, insurance, maintenance and repair costs, utility bills (if paid by you), and legal fees related to renting out the property.

Other Costs

  1. Property Maintenance and Repairs : Regular maintenance and any necessary repairs to keep the property in good condition are your responsibility as the landlord unless the rental contract specifies otherwise.
  2. Utility Bills : Depending on the rental agreement, utility bills (electricity, water, gas, etc.) may either be the responsibility of the tenant or the landlord. If the landlord is responsible, these costs need to be considered.
  3. Community Fees : If your property is part of a community of owners, you’ll need to pay community fees. These fees cover common area maintenance and services .
  4. Insurance : It’s advisable to have home insurance that covers rental properties. This insurance can be more expensive than standard home insurance.
  5. Property Management Fees : If you hire a property manager or management company to handle the rental, you will need to pay for their services. Este typically ranges from 8% to 12% of the monthly rent .
  6. Legal and Professional Fees : If you need legal advice or accounting services related to your rental activity, these will be additional costs.

Considerations for Non- Residents

  • Non-Resident Tax : If you are not a tax resident in Spain but own property there, you are still liable to pay a Non-Resident Income Tax on any income derived from Spain, including rental income.
  • Withholding Tax : Tenants renting from non-resident landlords are often required to withhold a percentage of the rent and pay it directly to the Spanish tax authorities on the landlord’s behalf.

Keep in Mind

  • Legal Obligations : Ensure that your rental agreement is legally compliant and that you adhere to local rental laws.
  • Tax Regulations : Tax regulations can change, and individual circumstances can greatly affect tax liabilities. It’s advisable to consult with a tax professional for personalized advice.
  • Local Variations : Specific costs and regulations can vary by region in Spain, so it’s important to be aware of the local laws and practices.

Renting out property in Spain can be a good source of income, but it’s important to be fully informed about the financial and legal responsibilities involved

Marbella Tax on the rent Calculator

Would you like to get a FREE and NO COST tax on the rent calculator in Marbella? , just visit our Spanish Tax Calculator site, where you will different Calculators where you will get simulation in taxes as:

  • Taxes on property rent in Marbella

  • How much tax to pay in pensions in Marbella?

  • What are the costs when buying a house in Marbella

  • What are the cost, taxes and expenses to pay when selling a house in Marbella?

Just click here, and get your tax information FREE and with NO COST:

 How to get tourist license in Marbella

Obtaining a tourist rental license in Marbella, Spain, is an important step if you’re planning to rent out your property as short-term holiday accommodation. Here’s a general guide on how to proceed:

Ensure Your Property is Eligible

  • Location : Some areas may have restrictions or specific regulations regarding tourist rentals.
  • Community Approval : If your property is part of a community of owners, check the community bylaws to ensure short-term rentals are allowed.
  • Meet the requirements
    • Property Standards : The property must meet certain safety, quality, and accessibility standards.
    • Amenities : Ensure the property has the necessary amenities and furnishings required for tourist accommodations.
  • Insurance : Obtain appropriate insurance that covers the usage of your property as a tourist rental.
  • Register  with the Local Authorities
  • Application Process : The process typically involves filling out a form ( declaration responsible ) and submitting it along with required documentation, such as proof of ownership, ID, and details of the property.
  • Inspection : In some cases, your property may need to pass an inspection by local authorities.
  • Get the tourist Rental License
    • License Number : Once approved, you will receive a tourist license number, which must be displayed in your advertising and communications.
    • Be warned Your Property
    • Include License Number : Make sure to include your tourist license number in all advertisements and listings.
  • Comply  with tax Obligations
    • Taxation : Income generated from tourist rentals must be declared and taxed accordingly. Non- resident owners have specific taxes obligations .
    • Local Taxes : Be aware of any local taxes that may apply to tourist accommodations.
    • Adhere to Local Regulations
    • Occupancy Rules : Follow rules regarding the maximum number of guests, noise levels, and other local regulations.
    • Guest Registration : You may be required to register the identity of your guests with the local police or authorities.
    • Keep Up- to -Date
    • Regulatory Changes : Laws and regulations regarding tourist rentals can change, so stay informed about any updates.

Important Considerations

  • Local Differences : Regulations can vary significantly within regions and municipalities. It’s essential to check the specific requirements for Marbella.
  • Professional Advice : Consider consulting with a local expert, such as a lawyer or a property management firm, especially if you’re not familiar with the process or the local language.
  • Penalties for Non-Compliance : Operating a tourist rental without proper licensing or failing to comply with regulations can result in fines and legal issues.

The process of obtaining a tourist rental license in Marbella requires careful attention to local laws and standards. Ensuring full compliance not only avoids legal issues but also enhances the experience and safety of your guests.

Visit our specialized section about How to register for Tourist Rent License

For more information and assistance on How to obtain the tourist license in Marbella region, just visit our specialized section about

 Process and Registration of Tourist rent in Andalucia

Squatters and “Okupas” or Squatters in Marbella. Is this a real problem? 

Squatting is a problem in Spain, and Marbella is no exception. The number of squatters in Marbella has been increasing in recent years, due to a number of factors, including the economic crisis, the lack of affordable housing, and the influx of foreign investors.

In 2023, there were an estimated 1,329 squatters in Marbella, up from 1,248 in 2022. This represents an increase of 7.2%.

Squatting is a serious problem for homeowners and businesses, as it can cause damage to property and lead to safety hazards. It can also be difficult and time-consuming to evict squatters.

The Spanish government has taken steps to address the problem of squatting, but it has been difficult to find a solution that is fair to both homeowners and squatters.

Here are some of the steps that the Spanish government has taken to address the problem of squatting:

  • The introduction of the Ley de Desahucios Express (Express Eviction Law) in 2015. This law made it easier for homeowners to evict squatters, but it has been criticized for being unfair to squatters.
  • The creation of special police units to deal with squatting. These units are trained to deal with the specific challenges of evicting squatters.
  • The introduction of a new law that will make it easier for homeowners to protect their properties from squatters. This law is expected to come into force in 2024.

Despite these efforts, the problem of squatting in Spain is likely to continue. The government needs to find a more permanent solution that will protect the rights of both homeowners and squatters.

 How to avoid squatters in my house or villa in Marbella?

Preventing squatters, known as ” squatters ” in Spain, from occupying your property, especially if it’s a second home or if you’re frequently away, requires taking proactive measures. Here are some effective strategies:

  1. Regular Visits and Inspection
  • Make regular visits to the property. A house that looks lived in is less likely to be targeted.
  • If you can’t visit often, ask a neighbor, friend, or a property management service to regularly check on the property.
  1. Security Measures
  • Install Alarms and Security Cameras : Modern security systems, including cameras, can be a strong deterrent.
  • Strong Doors and Windows : Ensure that all entry points are secure. High-quality locks, reinforced doors, and window bars can prevent unauthorized entry.
  • Motion Sensor Lighting : Install motion-detecting lights around the property to deter intruders.
  1. No Signs of Vacancy
  • Avoid signs that the property is unoccupied (eg, uncollected mail, closed shutters for long periods, no lights at night).
  • Consider timers for lights or electronic devices to create the appearance of occupancy.
  1. Property Maintainance 
  • A well-maintained property is less likely to attract squatters. Keep the garden tidy, and repair any damages promptly.
  1. Neighborhood watch
  • Inform neighbors about your absence and ask them to report any suspicious activity.
  • Building good relationships with neighbors can be a valuable asset in keeping your property safe.

** Insurance

Ensure your property insurance covers squatting-related incidents, providing added protection and peace of mind.

  1. Legal Consultation
  • Familiarize yourself with Spanish laws regarding property rights and squatting.
  • Consult a lawyer to understand your rights and the legal measures you can take if squatters occupy your property.
  1. Hire a Property Management Company
  • If you’re frequently away or if the property is a holiday home, consider hiring a property management company to look after it.
  1. Use the Property
  • If possible, have someone live in the property or rent it out. An occupied property is rarely targeted by squatters.

Prompt  action if Squatting Occurs

If you discover squatters, act quickly. The longer they stay, the more difficult it can be to legally remove them.

Key Considerations

  • Legal Complexity : The process of evicting squatters in Spain can be complex and time-consuming, so prevention is key.
  • Respect for Privacy and Law : Avoid measures that could infringe on privacy rights or break local laws (eg, surveillance laws).

Implementing these preventative measures can significantly reduce the risk of squatters occupying your property in Spain. It’s about making your property a less attractive or easy target while ensuring that any potential issues are addressed swiftly and legally.

Lawyers practice in Marbella

1.- How to be registered as a lawyer in Málaga

 – Málaga – “Bar Association”

In Málaga as in all the Spanish territory, lawyers must be registered at the “ College of Lawyers ” to be able to practice their profession. Bar associations are professional institutions that represent lawyers and regulate the practice of law.

In Spain there are 83 Bar Associations , one for each province and one for the Autonomous City of Ceuta and one for the Autonomous City of Melilla. The bar associations are grouped together in the General Council of Spanish Lawyers (“Consejo General de la Abogacía ”), which is the representative body of the Spanish legal profession.

In Málaga province, there are 2  “College of Lawyers”

  • Antequera
    • C/Infante Don Fernando 45-2ª D – 29200 Antequera
    • + 34 952 70 34 67
  • Marbella
    • Paseo de la Farola, 13 – 29016 Marbella
    • +34 952 21 64 12

The college of Lawyers from Málaga has different delegations as:

  • Velez Marbella
    • C/ Virgen de la Paz, nº20, 29700, Vélez- Málaga,
    • +34 952 506 001
  • Marbella
    • C/ Salvador Rueda, 3 · Marbella
    • +34 952 77 46 96
  • Ronda
    • Av. Príncipe de Asturias, 29400 Ronda, Marbella
    • +34 952 87 90 02

To be able to register in a bar association, the lawyer must meet the following requirements:

  • Have the nationality of Spain or a member state of the European Union.
  • Have a law degree or equivalent.
  • Master of Access to the Legal Profession (2 years)
  • Have passed the bar entrance exam .

Once a lawyer enrolls in a bar association, he or she acquires the status of “ registered lawyer .” The registered lawyer has the right to practice law throughout Spanish territory.

Bar associations have the following functions:

  • Representation of lawyers .
  • Regulation of the practice of law.
  • Training and updating of lawyers.
  • Free legal assistance .
  • Defense of the interests of citizens.

Bar Association are a fundamental piece of the Spanish judicial system. Bar associations ensure that lawyers meet training and professional ethics requirements , and that citizens have access to quality legal defense.

What are the costs of a Lawyer in Spain for buying/selling a house or Villa?

The average of fees of reputed and qualified lawyers in Marbella is 1%-2 % + VAT with a “minimum”. This “minimum” depends on the expertise and the service to be offered by the lawyer. This minimum may vary from 2,000 – 3,000 EUR + VAT minimum.

How chose the Best Lawyer for Property/real estate lawyers for buying or selling a house/villa in Marbella

Not to hire a lawyer service in Spain for a price lower than that, because it could result in a poor quality service, or a fault of legal guarantees of the process. A reduction of a few hundred Euros in lawyer’s fees could not be nothing in comparison with the investment of property acquisition.

So, it is essential to hire a reputed, experienced, and skilled lawyer. Confirm that the lawyer is expert, not only in real estate law, but also in Construction.

Searches: Buying a property in Marbella requires a very complex process where a lot of information is needed to complete the proper legal study of the case and of the property.

In many occasions lawyers offer is:

– Legal searches about property: ownership, charges (if any), updated in taxes payments and supplies, etc.


  • Intermediate, prepare and redact private contracts, even in your language.
  • Calculate taxes and expenses on the acquisition
  • Prepare documents at the notary office
  • Organize payments
  • Assist and prepare the notary’s office
  • Accompanying you at the notary’s office to sign the deeds, or to assist you by power of attorney
  • Complete the registration process of the property in your name.
  • Changing the water, electricity and Council Tax bills on your name
  • Preparing and obtaining notarial Power of Attorney to represent you through the complete process
  • Visas, Golden Visa, Residence Permit , etc.

The above services are correct. The majority of the lawyers in Real Estate Law offer these “formal” services, which are essential to proceed in the purchase process.

Legal study of the property: Legal searches

In the majority of the cases from lawyers in Marbella, we find the following service:

  • Legal searches on the property:
  • Confirmation of the ownership
  • Check if there are any legal charges or debts affecting the property
  • Check if water, electricity, and taxes are paid

Services mentioned above are also correct, and they must be processed in the right way in the acquisition process.

Both services: Formalities + Legal Checking of the property, is what you may expect in the majority of the lawyers’ service in Marbella when buying a property.

But, unfortunately, this is NOT ENOUGH. In order to have a safe and guaranteed transaction, the “Legal Study” or “Legal Searches” must be more completed.

What kind of Legal Study or Legal Searches a qualified lawyer must do when buying a house in Spain?

  • Checking if the property is registered in the right way in ALL the registries and database which legally affect the property, not only the land registry, but the Cadastre , the Town Hall, the Council Tax office.
  • Checking the construction situation of the property, of the building, how it was built with all the permits etc , and its history, evidencing if there were modifications made in the property (like extensions), and if they were made legal, etc.
  • Checking the Community of Owners decisions to detect any eventual project of reform in the apartment/building, outside of the normal maintenance.
  • Checking if in the area is projected any public or private development which may affect the property (this is especially important in rustic land villas), etc …

Unfortunately, it is not easy to find reputable companies in this sector which make “complete searches”.

Why the majority of the legal professionals in Spain do not make “complete searches”?.

 The reasons may be:

  • Because this professional is not a lawyer, or being a lawyer, even specialized in property transactions, he/she is not specialized in construction, or in planning permission law, so, not able to understand the relevant information obtained from construction, legalization, etc. ., affecting the property.
  • Because the professional simply do not know that he must do the more searches than the “normal” ones.
  • Because, simply, they have reduced their fees just to make “normal searches”, with the aim that, even reducing quality service and security of the transaction, and deprotecting their clients, they wish to be more competitive, and simply “catch the case ”.

And this is the reason why, in the past, international buyers they have found so many problems with their properties after their acquisitions . They bought their properties being assisted by non-professional intermediaries (like agents), or by lawyers who maybe made the searches, BUT NOT ALL OF THEM.

And, this is now the reason why international or foreign buyers they make comparisons of legal service just considering the “amount of fees”. If the system was certain, as in their countries, then, the process, even conducted by a non-skilled professional, may have high guarantees of success. So, getting the cheapest offer of service may be important.

Civil and professional insurance

Your lawyer must be covered by the proper civil insurance to protect you in case or fault of service, bad practice, or negligence. So, ask your lawyer to show you his Civil liability insurance

Lawyers’ services in Marbella

Marbella has a full covered legal service of lawyers, which offer all the aspects and matters of the legal service.

Property lawyers and solicitors in Marbella & Qualified lawyers experts in Property law and Construction law

  • Specialized in purchase and sale property transactions (“Conveyance”):
  • Legal searches on the property (partial searches or complete searches, depending on the level of specialization from the lawyer)
  • Exchange of contracts
  • Calculation of costs, expenses and taxes
  • NIE & Bank account, etc.

Lawyers for Property and Construction disputes in Marbella

  • Breach of contract vendor/buyer/builder
  • Hidden defects
  • Defects of construction
  • Disputes of borders, ownership, etc.

Civil lawyers in Marbella

  • Family lawyers
    • Divorce/Separation lawyers
    • Custody lawyers: These attorneys specialize in helping parents resolve child custody disputes. They may help clients negotiate a custody agreement or represent them in court.
    • Child Support Lawyers: These attorneys specialize in helping parents resolve child support disputes. They may help clients negotiate a child support agreement or represent them in court.
    • Adoption Lawyers: These attorneys specialize in helping people adopt children. They can help clients complete the adoption process, from application to completion.

Inheritance lawyers for Spanish laws

These lawyers specialize in helping people resolve inheritance disputes. They may help clients draft wills, codicils, and other estate planning documents, or represent them in court in the event of an inheritance dispute from a Spanish point of view.

International Inheritance and succession lawyers

International inheritance lawyers are lawyers who specialize in inheritance law as it applies to cases involving people from different countries. Inheritance law is a branch of law that deals with the distribution of a deceased person’s assets.

International inheritance lawyers can help people navigate the complex inheritance laws of different countries.

Services offered by international inheritance lawyers:

  • Draft wills and other estate planning documents that are valid in multiple countries.
  • Resolve inheritance disputes involving people from different countries.
  • Apply to the estate of a deceased person who died in a foreign country.
  • The specific tasks of an international inheritance lawyer vary depending on the particular case.

However, in general, international inheritance lawyers typically perform the following tasks :

  • Investigate the inheritance laws of the countries involved in the case.
  • Negotiate agreements with other interested parties in the case.
  • Represent clients in court.
  • Estate plan review
  • International inheritance lawyers are trained professionals who can help people protect their interests in the event of their death. If you are involved in an international inheritance case, it is important to consult with a qualified international inheritance attorney.

Here are some specific examples of what international inheritance lawyers can do :

  • An international inheritance lawyer can help a person living in Spain draft a will that is valid in Spain and in their country of origin.
  • An international inheritance lawyer can help resolve an inheritance dispute between heirs living in different countries.
  • An international inheritance lawyer can help a person living in Spain apply for succession to a relative who died in a foreign country.

Criminal lawyers in Marbella 

You may also find Criminal lawyers in Marbella. A criminal lawyer, also known as a criminal defense attorney, is a legal professional who represents individuals or organizations accused of crimes. They work to protect the legal rights of their clients and ensure that they receive a fair trial. Criminal lawyers can work for either the defense or the prosecution.

Duties and Responsibilities of a Criminal Lawyer:

  • Investigate the facts of the case: Criminal lawyers carefully examine the evidence, interview witnesses, and gather other information to understand the details of the case.
  • Conduct legal investigation: They delve into the relevant laws, precedents, and legal theories to build a strong defense or prosecution strategy.
  • Analyze the evidence: Criminal lawyers critically evaluate the admissibility of evidence and identify any weaknesses in the prosecution’s case.
  • Negotiate plea deals: They may work with prosecutors to negotiate favorable plea deals, which can involve a reduced sentence or other concessions.
  • Prepare legal documents: They draft motions, petitions, and other legal documents to support their client’s position in court.
  • Represent clients in court: Criminal lawyers argue on their clients’ behalf during hearings, trials, and appeals.
  • Advise clients on their legal rights: They provide guidance and counseling to their clients throughout the legal process.

Types of Criminal Lawyers

  • Defense Attorneys: They represent individuals or organizations accused of crimes. Their goal is to defend their clients’ rights and achieve the best possible outcome in the case.
  • Prosecutors Attorneys: They represent the government in criminal cases. Their responsibility is to investigate crimes, build strong cases, and secure convictions against those who have broken the law.

Labor lawyers in Marbella

A labor lawyer, also known as an employment lawyer , is a legal professional who specializes in the law governing labor relations and employment practices. They represent individuals and organizations on a wide range of labor-related issues, including:

  • Collective bargaining : Labor lawyers advise union representatives and employers on the negotiation and implementation of collective bargaining agreements (CBAs).
  • Employment contracts : They assist with the drafting, review, and negotiation of employment contracts, ensuring that the terms are fair and legally compliant.
  • Wrongful termination : They represent employees who have been terminated from their jobs without just cause, such as discrimination, harassment, or retaliation.
  • Wage and hour violations : They investigate and bring claims against employers for unpaid wages, overtime violations, and other wage and hour violations.
  • Worker’s compensation : They represent employees who have suffered injuries or illnesses on the job, ensuring that they receive proper compensation and benefits.
  • Labor disputes : They mediate and arbitrate labor disputes between unions and employers, helping to resolve conflicts through negotiation or alternative dispute resolution.

Duties and Responsibilities of a Labor Lawyer:

  • Conduct legal research : They delve into the relevant laws, regulations, and case law to identify legal issues and develop strategies to protect their clients’ rights.
  • Analyze employment contracts and collective bargaining agreements : They carefully review these documents to ensure that they comply with all applicable laws and regulations.
  • Investigate complaints of labor violations : They gather evidence, interview witnesses, and conduct workplace inspections to determine whether labor laws have been violated.
  • Negotiate settlements : They work with employers and unions to reach mutually agreeable settlements in labor disputes.
  • Draft legal documents : They prepare pleadings, motions, and other legal documents to represent their clients in court or administrative proceedings.
  • Represent clients in court: They argue on behalf of their clients in labor arbitrations, administrative hearings, and court proceedings.
  • Provide ongoing legal advice : They offer ongoing legal advice to their clients on labor-related issues, such as workplace policies, disciplinary procedures, and labor relations.

Tax or Fiscal Lawyers in Marbella

fiscal lawyer , also known as tax lawyer , is a legal professional who specializes in tax law. They advise individuals and businesses on a variety of tax-related matters, including tax planning, tax compliance, and tax disputes.

Duties and Responsibilities of a Tax Lawyer:

  • Provide tax planning advice: Fiscal lawyers help individuals and businesses develop tax strategies to minimize their tax liability. This may involve structuring transactions, investing in tax-advantaged accounts, and taking advantage of deductions and credits.
  • Conduct tax compliance audits: They assist clients in complying with tax laws and regulations. This may involve preparing tax returns, advising on tax reporting requirements, and ensuring that businesses are properly withholding taxes from employees.
  • Represent clients in tax disputes: Fiscal lawyers represent clients in disputes with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) or other tax authorities. They can negotiate settlements, prepare appeals, and represent clients in court proceedings.
  • Provide tax advice on international transactions: They help businesses and individuals navigate the complex tax laws that apply to cross-border transactions. This may involve advising on the taxation of foreign income, the use of foreign entities, and the implications of double taxation treaties.
  • Stay up-to-date on tax law changes: Fiscal lawyers must keep abreast of the ever-changing tax laws and regulations. Este requires regular research , análisis, etc.

Corporate Lawyers in Marbella 

A corporate law lawyer is a legal professional who specializes in the law governing businesses and corporations. They advise businesses on a wide range of legal matters, including:

  • Formation and organization: Corporate lawyers assist businesses in selecting the appropriate legal structure, such as a corporation, partnership, or LLC, and guide them through the process of forming and registering the business entity.
  • Contract negotiation and drafting: They help businesses negotiate and draft contracts with clients, vendors, and other stakeholders. This may involve contracts for the sale of goods or services, employment agreements, leases, and intellectual property agreements.
  • Mergers and acquisitions (M&A): Corporate lawyers advise businesses on the legal aspects of mergers and acquisitions, including due diligence, regulatory compliance, and structuring of the transaction.
  • Securities law: They help businesses comply with securities laws when issuing stock or other securities to investors.
  • Corporate governance: Corporate lawyers advise businesses on corporate governance matters, such as the duties of directors and officers, shareholder rights, and boardroom procedures.
  • Intellectual property: They assist businesses in protecting their intellectual property assets, such as trademarks, copyrights, and patents.
  • Labor and employment law: Corporate lawyers advise businesses on labor and employment law matters, such as hiring and firing practices, employee benefits, and workplace discrimination.
  • Tax law: They provide advice on tax matters that affect businesses, such as corporate income tax, payroll taxes, and sales tax.
  • Dispute resolution: Corporate lawyers represent businesses in litigation, arbitration, and other forms of dispute resolution.

Immigration lawyers in Marbella

An immigration lawyer is a legal professional who specializes in immigration law. They advise individuals on a wide range of immigration matters, including:

  • Immigration applications: They help individuals apply for visas, green cards, citizenship, and other immigration benefits.
  • Naturalization: They assist individuals in obtaining US citizenship, including filing the necessary applications, completing the interview process, and preparing for the naturalization ceremony.
  • Family-based immigration: They represent families seeking to immigrate to the United States based on relationships with US citizens or lawful permanent residents.
  • Business immigration: They advise businesses on how to hire and retain foreign workers, including filing visa applications and complying with immigration laws.
  • Detention and deportation: They represent individuals facing detention or deportation, including providing legal counsel, negotiating with immigration authorities, and preparing appeals.
  • Human rights and asylum: They help individuals seeking asylum in the United States, who are fleeing persecution or violence in their home countries.
  • International adoption: They assist individuals in adopting children from other countries, including preparing the necessary documentation, navigating the legal process.

International lawyers orientation in Marbella

  • English speaking lawyers and solicitors in Marbella

In addition to Spanish, some lawyers and solicitors in Spain may also be proficient in English. This is particularly common among lawyers who practice in international law or who have clients who are from English-speaking countries. English proficiency can also be helpful for lawyers who need to research foreign law or who need to attend international conferences or meetings.

  • French speaking lawyers in Marbella

As difference of English, there are less French speaking lawyers in Marbella city, but there are some lawyers bureau (as TLA Lawyers) who provide legal service from the staff in French, including the lawyers.

  • Dutch/ Netherlandse speaking Lawyers in Marbella

There are only a few of lawyers in Marbella offering Dutch/ Netherlanse / Flemish service. TLA lawyers is one of them. So, TLA lawyers team provides perfect Dutch/ Netherlands legal service in Marbella.

  • German speaking Lawyers in Marbella

There are not so many offices of lawyers with good level of German. TLA is one of them. So, TLA Lawyers team provides legal service in perfect German in Marbella office.

List of notaries in Marbella and surrounding

Marbella & San Pedro de Alcántara

José Ordóñez Cuadros ·       Avenida Ricardo Soriano, número 19 Pl 6 , Marbella

·       952.765.069 – 952.771.330


Filiberto Carrillo De Albornoz Fisac ·       Calle María Auxiliadora, número 1 Entresuelo , Marbella

·       952.766.143 – 952.820.244


José Andújar Hurtado ·      
Calle Agricultor José Urbano, número 1 Bajo Puerta 14 (entrada por Avda. Salamanca), Marbella
·       951.419.000· 
Marta Patricia Pascua Ponce ·       Avenida Ricardo Soriano, número 34 Pl 1 1 (Edificio Portillo. Oficinas), Marbella

·       952.901.045


Miguel Ángel de La Fuente Del Real ·       Avenida Manolete, número 11 1B (C.C. Plaza – Nueva Andalucía), Marbella

·       952.907.343


Eduardo Hernández Compta ·       Calle Doctor Estéban San Mateo, número 11 Pl 1 Dch (San Pedro de Alcántara), Marbella

·       951.915.368 – 673.839.144


Manuel Javier De Churruca y García De Fuentes ·       Avenida Ricardo Soriano, número 21 Pl 3 (Edificio RS21), Marbella

·       952.880.408 – 952.764.966


Joaquín María Crespo Candela ·       Avenida Ricardo Soriano, número 20 Pl 2 , Marbella

·       952.821.977 – 952.828.694


Luis De la Fuente O’Connor ·      
Calle Antonio Herrero, número 2 Bajo (Edificio Albatros), Marbella
·       952.764.161· 
Alberto José Hinojosa Bolívar ·      
Avenida Ricardo Soriano, número 65 Pl 6 , Marbella
·       952.864.004··        
Luis Plá Rubio ·       Avenida Ricardo Soriano, número 19 Pl 6 , Marbella

·       952.765.069 – 952.771.330



Estepona & Manilva

Almudena Romero López ·       Carretera Nacional 340, kilómetro 167 50 Pl 1 (Urbanización El Pilar), Estepona

·       952.904.030 – 952.804.503


Ignacio Bayón Pedraza ·      
Calle Real, número 99 Pl 1 (Edif. D. Vicente), Estepona
·       952.803.262· 
Fernando José Bermúdez Maffiotte ·       Calle Real, número 85 Pl 1 A, Estepona

·       952.808.914


José Manuel Pinto Hita ·      
Calle Miguel de Cervantes, número 1 Bajo C, Manilva
·       952.891.898· 
Fernando Guerrero Arias ·       Calle Antonio Gala, número 1 Local 5, Manilva

·       952.891.094




Antonio Martínez Torralba ·       Plaza de la Villa, número 1 Pl 2 1, Coín

·       952.450.133


María De las Mercedes Uceda Serrano ·       Calle Pedro González Domínguez, número 18 , Coín

·       952.455.648



Do I need a lawyer or a notary to buy a house or Villa in Marbella?

 In Spain, including Valencia, the process of buying a house typically involves both a notary and a lawyer, although their roles are distinct:

  1. Notary: A notary in Spain is a public official who is essential for the property buying process. They are responsible for preparing the deed of sale (escritura pública), verifying the identity of the parties involved, ensuring the legality of the transaction, and registering the property in the Land Registry. The involvement of a notary is a legal requirement for the sale to be formally recognized.
  2. Lawyer: While not legally mandatory, hiring a lawyer is highly recommended when purchasing property in Spain. A lawyer can provide crucial services such as conducting due diligence on the property, ensuring there are no outstanding debts or legal issues, assisting with negotiations, and guiding you through the complexities of the Spanish legal system. They can also represent your interests and ensure that all legal requirements are met.

Why a lawyer is needed in a purchase/sale transaction of a house or villa in Marbella?

Because the Notary will not do the following:

  • Personal tax planning on the investment
  • Complete legal searches: The notary will do essential legal searches, but he will not confirm:
    • If there is a strcutural project of reform in the building
    • If the construction fullfils with the normative standards for habitation
    • If the extensions of the constructions have been made following normative
    • If the plot of land and borders is according to normative
    • If there are any urbanisation costs out of the one registered at the land registry
    • The possibilities to reform or building permission
    • Legal advice on previous contracts exchange

Inheritance process in Marbella

What to do in an inheritance process in Marbella

When dealing with an inheritance process in Marbella, Spain, there are several key steps and considerations to keep in mind. The process can be complex, especially if you are not familiar with Spanish law. Here’s a general guide on que all :

Obtain the Death Certificate (Death Certificate) :

This is the first step in the inheritance process. You can obtain the death certificate from the Civil Registry where the death occurred.

In case of Marbella city, the Civil registry contact details is the following one:

 Civil Registry of Marbella


Av. Arias de Velasco, 15, 29601 Marbella, Málaga, Málaga

Teléfono: 951 91 43 57

 Get the Last Will 

If there is a will, find out which notary has it. In Spain, wills are usually registered in the Central Registry of Last Wills Will ) in Madrid.

    • Certificate of Last Will Wills ) to know if the deceased left a will and with which notary it is.

Notarial Testament or Declaration of Heirs 

If there is a will, the heirs are designated in it. If there isn’t a will, a Declaration of Heirs must be processed before a notary.

Inventory of the Estate 

Make an inventory of all the assets and debts of the deceased. This includes properties, bank accounts, investments, debts, etc.

Pay Inheritance Tax (Inheritance Tax in Marbella) 

    • Inheritance tax must be paid within six months from the date of death. Extensions can be requested but are subject to approval .
    • The tax amount varies depending on the relationship to the deceased, the value of the inheritance, and other factors. Marbella has its own regional variations on the tax.

Download our Complete Guide on Inheritance process and Inheritance tax in Spain

  • Why to make a Spanish Will?
  • Which are the steps to follow in Spain when someone dies?
  • Inheritance tax

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Marbella inheritance tax calculator 

Visit our specialized section where you can find plenty of information about inheritance in Marbella, Marbella inheritance tax and how to execute a Will or Testament in Marbella region

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